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Josephus: War of the Jews

🏷  Greek interlinear recommended · text   —   by Gerry · Dec 2020 · 38913 words

The book War of the Jews by the Jewish-Roman author Flavius Josephus is supposed to be a history of the Judean revolt against the Romans. Under the hood though, it’s yet another encrypted history of spookery, explaining how aristocrats learned to disguise themselves and rule through total deception. It’s relatively detailed, and mentions the origins of this deception, the use of religious disguises, signalling, and controlled opposition.

The main encryption pun is that of Ιουδαιοι Ioudaioi “Jews” with αιδοιοι aidoioi “nobles”. To be “Jews” has simply been a disguise for the “nobility”, presumably mostly to explain away their overlordly Phoenician looks & roots. The text explains this scheme as well, telling how the aristocrats were hiding inside communities of religious outcasts, and then intermigled with them to the point that the two became one.

Introduction

People claiming to be “Jews” appear at the top in every field: banking, economics, politics, academics, arts. This can be traced back in history, down to classical Greek & Roman times. There’s no explanation for this, so it’s always been suspicious. The mainstream doesn’t allow questions here, but many alternative analyses try to guess how it all started. They often cite War of the Jews and its author Flavius Josephus. One common explanation is that Josephus, and “ze Jews” in general, in a sort of “conspiracy” swindled their way into the Roman empire, and from there to worldwide domination. Josephus is suspicious, as he talked fellow defenders into suicide, but then surrendered and became friends with the Roman emperor.

But just like Josephus’ own story, this whole “subverting the empire” explanation about “ze Jews” isn’t plausible. The suggested methods are too silly & simplistic, like “lying” or “usury”. Think about it and judge yourself: Those methods work only against little people, when you control all information, and the goons-with-sticks. Today’s rulers can only use “lying” or “usury” against us subjects, because they’ve got all the power, and we’ve got nothing. But other powers like the Roman elites commanded armies of goons & spies of their own. They’d never have fallen for “lying” or “usury”.

So what’s the truth then? I already said it in my guest papers: The truth is that spookery is not a method to obtain power, but to use existing power. The aristocrats of great “civilizations” invented it, to deceive their own subjects and the “uncivilized” peoples. Today’s spooky ultra-rich people claiming to be “Jews” are simply descendants of the most powerful aristocrats from the ancient Fertile Crescent. Rome was really founded by Phoenicians, and “ze Jews” were invented as a disguise.

I can now even cite Josephus’ War of the Jews as proof that spookery is all about disguising the aristocracy: Like many other ancient texts, War of the Jews is a pun-encrypted story about the history of spookery. It explains in detail the origins of this scheme, the use of controlled opposition in particular, and the use of religious outcasts (“ze Jews”) for cover:

All these topics are encrypted using the names of personas & places from the Seleucid invasion of Judea, which likely never happened, just like the Roman-Judean war. These are the most important encryption puns from the section I’ve decrypted so far:

I have only decrypted the beginning of the first book, which is the usual generic tale on how total deception might have been invented by the aristocracy. Perhaps the book will later recount the truth about some actual, concrete events. But even this general history of spookery is proof that both mainstream & alternative historians are wrong. Spookery was never tied to a single culture, be it Roman, Jewish, or Phoenician. Rather, it is the eternal war by the ruling aristocracy against their own subjects!

How to read this

Rulers start disguising as subjects

The nobility needs a defense against their subjects.

“War of the Jews” already starts with a very weird sentence: “There was a sedition that the men of power of Judea fell into.” For introducing a major war, can you write more boring & garbled than that?

Only pun-encryption can explain this: στασις stasis “sedition” also means “situation”, and Ιουδαιοι Ioudaioi “Judeans” / “Jews” puns with αιδοιοι aidoioi “nobles”, even with the related αιδοι aidoi “majesties”. As usual, the text is about the general “situation” of “nobles” & “majesties”. And about their solution to everything: creating an επιφανεια epiphaneia “epiphany”, a false “appearance”. That’s why they needed the name Epiphanes in this paragraph.

As usual, it’s explained as a defence by the poor ultra-rich nobles, against φιλοτιμια philotimia “jealousy” by their subjects. But what would the subjects be “jealous” about? Probably the fact that the very concept of inherited “nobility” is simply injustice incarnate: Palace-bred imbeciles take everything, and in return think of ways to better tax & punish those who do all the work. No wonder they needed to invent that fake “appearance” early on.

De Bello Judaico 1.31.a

Encrypted: In the position that the men of power and nobility & majesty were in public appearance, they had accordingly a measure of defense, which was to summon a surface / show carried around the whole of their appearance, against hostile / opposition of the servants & slaves, wherever there was a jealousy & obstinacy then, which was about their overall rulership,

Official: There was a sedition that the men of power of Judea fell into, against the measures of Antiochus IV who was called Epiphanes which were carried out around the whole of Syria against his nephew Ptolemy the sixth, where there was a rivalry then, which was about his overall rulership,

[In] the position
στασις stasis: standing, position, placing
στασεως staseōs
στασις stasis: sedition, discord
[There was] a sedition

that
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: that
τοις tois
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: that
that

the [men of] power
δυνατος dynatos: strong, mighty
δυνατοις dynatois
δυνατος dynatos: strong, mighty
the [men of] power

[and] nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιων Ioudaiōn
Ιουδαιος / Ιουδαιων Ioudaios / Ioudaiōn: Judean, Jew
of Judea

[were in public] appearance,
εμπἁσις emphasis: appearing, appearance, exposition, presentation, proof
εμπεσουσης empesousēs
εμπιπτω / εμπεσουσης empiptō / empesousēs: meet, chance upon, fall into
fell into [?],

[they had] accordingly
κατα / καθ kata / kath: according, concerning
καθ kath
κατα / καθ kata / kath: against, about
against

a
ὁς / ὁν hos / hon: his, her, that
ὁν hon
ὁς / ὁν hos / hon: his, her, that
the

measure
καιρος / καιρον kairos / kairon: proportion, measure
καιρον kairon
καιρος / καιρον kairos / kairon: proportion, measure
measures

of defense,
αντεcὡ / αντεcοἱς antechō / antechois: resist, withstand, endure, hold against, defend
Αντιοχος Antiochos
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
of Antiochus [IV]

which [was]
ὁς / ὁ hos / ho: who, that
ὁ ho
ὁς / ὁ hos / ho: who, that
who [was]

to summon
καλεω / κλητεἱς kaleō / klētheis: call, summon
κληθεις klētheis
καλεω / κλητεἱς kaleō / klētheis: call, summon
called

a surface / show
επιπἁνεια epiphaneia: epiphany, visible surface, outward show
Επιφανης Epiphanēs
Επιπἁνης Epiphanēs: Epiphanes
Epiphanes

carried
διαπἑρω diapherō: carry over
διεφερετο diephereto
διαπἑρω diapherō: carry over
[which were] carried [out?]

around
περι peri: around
περι peri
περι peri: around
around

the whole of
ὁλος holos: whole, entire
ὁλης holēs
ὁλος holos: whole, entire
the whole of

[their] appearance,
εισοραω eisoraō: look, view, behold, perceive
Συριας Syrias
Συρια Syria: Syria
Syria

against
προς pros: against, at, to
προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to
against

hostile / opposition
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
Πτολεμαιον Ptolemaion
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios: Ptolemy; πτολεμος / πολεμος ptolemos / polemos: battle, war
[his nephew!] Ptolemy

[of] the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
the

servants & slaves,
οικετης / οικετην oiketēs / oiketēn: servant, slave
ἑκτον hekton
ἑκτος / ἑκτον hektos / hekton: sixth; ἑξ hex: six
sixth,

[wherever] there [was]
ὁ / ἡ ho / hē: the, that, which
ἡ
ὁ / ἡ ho / hē: the, that, which
[where] there [was]

a jealousy & obstinacy
πἱλοτιμια philotimia: jealousies, pertinacity, obstinacy
φιλοτιμια philotimia
πἱλοτιμια philotimia: ambition, rivalry
a rivalry

then,
δε de: but, and, now, then
δ d
δε de: but, and, now, then
then,

[which] was [about]
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be, happen
ην ēn
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be, happen
[which] was [about]

their
αυτος autos: self, same
αυτοις autois
αυτος autos: self, same
his

overall
περι peri: around
περι peri
περι peri: around
overall

rulership,
δυναστης dynastēs: lord, master, ruler
δυναστειας dynasteias
δυναστης dynastēs: lord, master, ruler
rulership,

De Bello Judaico 1.31.a

As a solution, the rulers pretend to be subjects.

What is the false appearance about? It’s simply that the corrupt ruling nobles feign to be not ruling nobles, but inconspicuous little subjects. If I had to sum up spookery in one sentence, that would be it: Rulers feign to be subjects! All the time!!! At its core, spookery has nothing to do with Romans, or Jews, or Phoenicians. It’s about rulers. And the rulers of the largest & most centralized civilizations simply had the most unearned power, and were therefore furthest down the path of spookery, to cover it up.

The odd key phrase here is ομοιοις υποτεταχθαι omoios hypotetachthai which, depending on the case, can mean “by like people be subordinated” or “to be like subordinate people”, i.e. feign to be subjects. The exact grammar endings probably have to be changed a bit, but the words are the same.

Also note that the literal text is about how “Tobias’ sons” start this huge conflict, but they are never introduced, and don’t appear again. When you encounter bad storytelling like this in famous works, it’s likely an encryption.

De Bello Judaico 1.31.b

Encrypted: so that all those in high rank could not be known, and it was by resembling their subjects & subordinates. To use this advantage, of course, each one of the mighty rulers feigned & play-pretended to be put forth as one of the multitudes, as a replica of their manners.

Official: and all those in high rank could not bear to by their equals be subjected / subordinated. Onias, however, one of the arch-priests, ruled to throw out of the capital city of Tobias his sons.

[so that] all
ἑκαστος hekastos: every
ἑκαστου hekastou
ἑκαστος hekastos: every
[and] all

those
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
those

in
εν en: in, on, at
εν en
εν en: in, on, at
in

[high] rank
αξιωμα axiōma: honour, rank, position
αξιωματι axiōmati
αξιωμα axiōma: honour, rank, position
[high] rank

[could] not
μη : not
μη
μη : not
[could] not

be known,
φρονεω / φρονεοντων phroneō / phroneontōn: understand, know full well
φεροντος pherontos
πἑρω / πἑροντων pherō / pherontōn: bear, carry
bear

[and it was] by
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, that
τοις tois
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, that
[to] by

resembling
ὁμοιος homoios: equal, like, resembling, similar
ὁμοιοις homoiois
ὁμοιος homoios: equal, like, resembling, similar
their equals

their subjects & subordinates.
ὑποταγη hypotagē: subordination, subjection, submission
ὑποτεταχθαι hypotetachthai
ὑποταγη hypotagē: subordination, subjection, submission
be subjected / subordinated.

To use [this] advantage,
ονινημι / ονινας oninēmi / oninas: support, useful, profit, help; ονησις / ονασις onēsis / onasis: use, advantage
Ονιας onias
Ονιας Onias: Onias
Onias,

of course,
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
however,

each one
εἱς heis: each one
εἱς heis
εἱς heis: one
one

[of] the
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] the

mighty rulers
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler; ἱερος / ἱερον hieros / hieron: mighty, august, admirable, powerful
αρχιερεων archiereōn
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler; ἱερευς / ἱερεων hiereus / hiereōn: priest
arch-priests,

feigned & play-pretended
ὑποκρινομαι / ὑποκριτἡση hypokrinomai / hypokrithēsē: pretend, feign; ὑποκριτης hypokritēs: hypocrite, player, actor, pretender, dissembler
επικρατησας epikratēsas
επικρατεω / επικρατησας epikrateō / epikratēsas: rule over
ruled

to be put forth [as]
εκβαλλω / εξεβαλε ekballō / exebale: expose, publish, produce, put forth
εξεβαλε exebale
εκβαλλω / εξεβαλε ekballō / exebale: throw out, cast out, banish
to throw out of

[one of] the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
the

multitudes,
πολυς polys: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολεως poleōs
πολις polis: city
[capital?] city

[as] a
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
[of]

replica
τυπος typos: type, character, form, image, impression, replica, hollow mould
Τωβια tōbia
Τωβιας Tōbias: Tobias
Tobias

[of their] manners.
οἱος hoios: manner, nature
υἱους huious
υἱος huios: son
[his] sons.

De Bello Judaico 1.31.b

The nobles pretend to be their opposites.

Antiochus seems to change his pun-meaning in the text. Here, he may be a pun with αντιξοος antixoos “opposite”. The clue is that εμβαλειν embalein “invading” puns with εμπλιν empalin “opposite”, another word for the same thing.

De Bello Judaico 1.32.a

Encrypted: They also took refuge to being opposite & contrary to their noble / well-born selves as leaders on the surface, and about their nobility & majesty be the opposite. Cheating then were the rulers, their appearances a deception, and with this fabrication crafty & skillful they appeared as the multitudes, and covered over their power, and the great multitudes, those who were hostile, only the resemblance would see.

Official: They, however, fled to Antiochus and beseeched him themselves as leaders to proclaim, and into Judea make an invasion. Persuaded then was the king, and urged on before, and with great power he rushed onto the city Jerusalem, and took it down with his power, and a great multitude of those who to Ptolemy were attached he took away / killed.

They
ὁ / οἱ ho / hoi: the, he, they
οἱ hoi
ὁ / οἱ ho / hoi: the, he, they
They,

also
δε de: but, and
δε de
δε de: but, and
however,

took refuge
καταπεὑγω katapheugō: flee, escape
καταφυγοντες kataphygontes
καταπεὑγω katapheugō: flee, escape
fled

to
προς pros: forward to, toward
προς pros
προς pros: forward to, toward
to

[being] opposite & contrary
αντιξοος antixoos: adverse, opposite, contrary
Αντιοχον Antiochon
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

[to their] noble / well-born
αγατὁς / αγατοἱσιν agathos / agathoisin: noble, well-born
ἱκετευσαν hiketeusan
ἱκετευω / ἱκετευσαν hiketeuō / hiketeusan: supplicate, beseech
[and] beseeched [him]

selves
αυτος autos: self
αυτοις autois
αυτος autos: self
themselves

[as] leaders
ἡγεμων hēgemōn: leader, ruler
ἡγεμοσι hēgemosi
ἡγεμων hēgemōn: leader, ruler
[as] leaders

[on the] surface,
χρωμα / χρωματων chrōma / chrōmatōn: surface, skin
χρωμενον chrōmenon
χραω / χρωμενον chraō / chrōmenon: use, proclaim, attack
to proclaim,

[and] about
εις eis: about, against, at
εις eis
εις eis: into
[and] into

[their]
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
 

nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιαν Ioudaian
Ιουδαια / Ιουδαιαν Ioudaia / Ioudaian: Judea
Judea

[be] the opposite.
εμπαλιν empalin: opposite way, contrary to, reverse; εν- en-: in; παλιν palin: opposite
εμβαλειν embalein
εμβαλλω / εμβαλειν emballō / embalein: throw in, attack; εν- en-: in; βαλλω ballō: throw
make an invasion.

Cheating
ψευδω / ψευδεται pseudō / pseudetai: cheat, beguile, deceive; ψυτὁς psythos: lie, untruth
πειθεται peithetai
πειτὡ / πειτἑται peithō / peithetai: persuade
Persuaded

then [were]
δε de: and, but, then
δ d
δε de: and, but, then
then [was]

the
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
the

rulers,
βασιλευς basileus: king, ruler, lord, noble
βασιλευς basileus
βασιλευς basileus: king, ruler, lord, noble
king,

[their] appearances
οραω / οραομαι / οραομενος oraō / oraomai / oraomenos: see, be seen, appear
ὡρμημενος hōrmēmenos
ὁρμαω / ὡρμημενος hormaō / hōrmēmenos: urge on, rush, start
[and] urged on

a deception,
πἡλοω phēloō: cheat, deceive; πἡλος / πἡλαι phēlos / phēlai: deceitful
παλαι palai
παλαι palai: before
before,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

with [this]
μετα meta: with, by aid of
μετα meta
μετα meta: with, by aid of
with

fabrication
πλαστος plastos: fabricated, forged, counterfeit
πλειστης pleistēs
πλειστος pleistos: greatest
great

crafty & skillful
δυναμις dynamis: art, craft, skill
δυναμεως dynameōs
δυναμις dynamis: power, might
power

they
αυτος autos: self
αυτος autos
αυτος autos: self
he

appeared
οραω / οραομαι / οραομενος oraō / oraomai / oraomenos: see, be seen, appear
ὁρμησας hormēsas
ὁρμαω hormaō: urge on, rush, start
rushed

[as] the
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
[onto] the

 
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
 

multitudes,
πολυς / πολυν polys / polyn: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολιν polin
πολις / πολιν polis / polin: city
city [Jerusalem?],

[and] covered
ειλυω / ειλυον / ειλυου eilyō / eilyon / eilyou: wrap, envelop, enfold, cover
αἱρει hairei
αἱρεω / εἱλον / εἱλου haireō / heilon / heilou: grasp, seize, catch, entrap, overpower, kill
[and] took [it]

over
κατα kata: down, over
κατα kata
κατα kata: down, over
down

[their] power,
κρατος kratos: power, might
κρατος kratos
κρατος kratos: power, might
[with his?] power,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

the great
πολυς polys: many
πολυ poly
πολυς polys: many
a great

multitudes,
πλητὁς plēthos: multitude
πληθος plēthos
πλητὁς plēthos: multitude
multitude

those [who]
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] those [who]

[were] hostile,
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
Πτολεμαιω Ptolemaiō
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios: Ptolemy
[to] Ptolemy

[only] the resemblance
προσεοικα / προσεοικοντων proseoika / proseoikontōn: be like, resemble, seem
προσεχοντων prosechontōn
προσεcὡ / προσεcὁντων prosechō / prosechontōn: offer, attach to
[were] attached

[would] see.
ενοραω / ενορει enoraō / enorei: see, look at, observe
αναιρει anairei
αναιρεω / αναιρει anaireō / anairei: take up, take away, destroy, kill
[he] took away / killed.

De Bello Judaico 1.32.a

Have the truth guarded, and pretence on the outside.

Here, the book gets oddly specific: The author says Antiochus stopped ritual slaughtering for ετη τρια και μηνας εξ etē tria kai mēnas hex “three years and six months”. But he can’t tell us the actual year of any event, or any other duration? Whenever you encounter something like this, be suspicious. I suppose this oddly specific date is a pun with ετεε τηρεω και μυνας εξω etee tēreō kai mynas exō “guard the truth, and have pretense on the outside”.

De Bello Judaico 1.32.b

Encrypted: To also plunder freely, they put this under the cover of them, and its purpose they made inviolable, and the visibility of regarding their prosperity being unveiled they ended, for having the truth guarded and pretence on the outside.

Official: To also plunder freely he sent the soldiers of him, and the temple he plundered, and the continuity of the in every day offerings he ended, for years three and months six.

[To]
ὁ / ταις ho / tais: the, he
ταις tais
ὁ / ταις ho / tais: the, he
[To]

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

plunder
ἁρπαγη harpagē: robbery, prey, pillage, plunder, greediness
ἁρπαγαις harpagais
ἁρπαγη harpagē: robbery, prey, pillage, plunder, greediness
plunder

freely,
ανεδην anedēn: let loose, freely
ανεδην anedēn
ανεδην anedēn: let loose, freely
freely

[they] put [this] under
ὑποποιεω / ὑποποιεις hypopoieō / hypopoieis: assume, affect, put under, gain by underhand tricks
επαφιεις epaphieis
επαπἱημι / επαπἱεις epaphiēmi / epaphieis: discharge, throw at, let loose upon
[he] sent

the
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
the

cover
στρωτος / στρωτας strōtos / strōtas: spread, laid, covered
στρατιωτας stratiōtas
στρατιωτης stratiōtēs: soldier
soldiers

[of] them,
αυτος autos: self
αυτος autos
αυτος autos: self
[of] him,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

its
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
the

purpose
νοος / νοον noos / noon: purpose, design, meaning, intend
ναον naon
ναος / ναον naos / naon: temple
temple

[they made] inviolable,
ασυλος / ασυλου asylos / asylou: safe, refuge, inviolable
εσυλησε esylēse
συλαω sylaō: strip off, rob
[he] plundered,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
the

visibility
ενδηλος endēlos: visible, manifest, clear, manifest, discovered, known
ενδελεχισμον endelechismon
ενδελεcἡς endelechēs: continuous; ενδελεcἱσμος endelechismos: continuity, persistence
continuity

[of]
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] the

regarding
κατα kata: in regard to
καθ kath
κατα kata: against, into
in

[their] prosperity
ευημερεω / ευημεραν euēmereō / euēmeran: prosper, succeed
ἡμεραν hēmeran
ἡμερα / ἡμεραν hēmera / hēmeran: day
[every] day

[being] unveiled
αναγυμνοω / αναγυμνωσον anagymnoō / anagymnōson: strip naked, unveil
εναγισμων enagismōn
εναγισμος / εναγισμων enagismos / enagismōn: offering
offerings

[they] ended,
παυω / επαυσεν pauō / epausen: pause, stop, hinder, make to end
επαυσεν epausen
παυω / επαυσεν pauō / epausen: pause, stop, hinder, make to end
[he] ended,

for [having]
επι epi: of purpose, for
επ ep
επι epi: on, upon
for

the truth
ετεος / ετεε eteos / etee: true, real, genuine, truth
ετη etē
ετος / ετη etos / etē: year
years

guarded
τηρεω / τηρεης tēreō / tēreēs: protect, guard, guarded
τρια tria
τρεις / τρια treis / tria: three
three

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

pretence
μυνη / μυνας mynē / mynas: excuse, pretence
μηνας mēnas
μην / μηνας mēn / mēnas: month
months

on the outside.
εξω exō: out, outside
ἑξ hex
ἑξ hex: six
six.

De Bello Judaico 1.32.b

The rulers feign to be religious.

Here’s an interesting clue to the “Jewish” disguise: The literal texts talks of making a Ierosolumois apeikasmenēn “copy of Jerusalem”, meaning of a temple there.

So what do the spooks make a “copy of”? Of their subjects generally, but Ierosoluma “Jerusalem” may stand for something specific: It puns with hieros aloumai “religious outcasts”, which may describe “ze Jews”, the main spook identity in the Western world.

The text says it “will be explained later”. I haven’t found anything in the literal text where this is explained. However, I found a passage in the encrypted text, starting from paragraph 1.61, where it is all explained in detail: There’s a lengthy description how the rulers feign to be “religious outcasts” (1.61.c), then mingle with the actual outcasts, pretend to be their priests yet secretly mock them (1.63), and publicly blame them for their own crimes (1.62).

This is a very good summary of the “Jewish” disguise, which the rulers took up in ancient times. It confirms the encrypted meaning of Jerusalem as hieros aloumai “religious outcasts”, people who existed, but whose culture was morphed into an eternal disguise by our spooky rulers.

De Bello Judaico 1.33.a

Encrypted: The mighty rulers found it useful to among their enemies taking refuge, and from them assumed the character & impression, wearing the common people’s customs & practices that were common, in particular to religious outcasts in resemblance, and their thinking they fabricated in similarity. About this, again at a later point we shall explain.

Official: The arch-priest Onias to Ptolemy escaped, and from him received as a place in the Heliopolis district a city, also to Jerusalem in resemblance, and a temple he built in resemblance of the old one. About this, again at a later point we shall explain.

The
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
The

 
δε de: and, but
δ d
δε de: and, but
 

mighty rulers
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler; ἱερος hieros: mighty, august, admirable, powerful
αρχιερευς archiereus
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler; ἱερευς / ἱερεων hiereus / hiereōn: priest
arch-priest

[found it] useful
ονινημι / ονινας oninēmi / oninas: support, useful, profit, help; ονησις / ονασις onēsis / onasis: use, advantage
Ονιας onias
Ονιας Onias: Onias
Onias

[to] among
προς pros: among
προς pros
προς pros: at, to
to

[their] enemies
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
Πτολεμαιον Ptolemaion
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios: Ptolemy
Ptolemy

taking refuge,
διαπ ὑγη diaphygē: refuge, escape
διαφυγων diaphygōn
διαπ ὑγη diaphygē: refuge, escape
escaped,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

from
παρα para: from, because, at
παρ par
παρα para: from, because, at
from

them
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
him

assumed
λαμβανω / λαβων lambanō / labōn: take, acquire, derive, assume
λαβων labōn
λαμβανω / λαβων lambanō / labōn: possess, receive, get
received

the character & impression,
τυπος typos: type, character, form, image, impression, replica, hollow mould
τοπον topon
τοπος topos: place, position
[as] a place

wearing
εν en: surrounded by, wearing
εν en
εν en: in, on, at
in

the
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
τω
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
the

common people’s
λαος / λαου / λαω laos / laou / laō: common people, subjects; πλητὁς / πλητὁς / πλητἡ plēthos / plēthos / plēthē: crowd, multitude, people, populace, mob
Ἡλιοπολιτη Hēliopolitē
Ἡλιουπολις / Ἡλιοπολιτη Hēlioupolis / Hēliopolitē: Heliopolis
Heliopolis

customs & practices
νομος nomos: usage, custom, conventionally, habitual practice
νομω nomō
νομος nomos: district, region, province
district

[that were] common,
πολυκοινος / πολυκοινη polykoinos / polykoinē: common to many
πολιχνην polichnēn
πολιχνη polichnē: fort, small town
a city,

in particular
τε te: in particular
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

[to]
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, that
τοις tois
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, that
[to]

religious outcasts [!!!]
ἱερος hieros: divine, holy, religious; αλαομαι alaomai: roam, vagabond, outcast, banished
Ἱεροσολυμοις Ierosolumois
Ιεροσολυμα Ierosoluma: Jerusalem
Jerusalem

in resemblance,
απεικαστεος apeikasteos: represent; απεικαζω apeikazō: represent, resemble, copy
απεικασμενην apeikasmenēn
απεικαστεος apeikasteos: represent; απεικαζω apeikazō: represent, resemble, copy
in resemblance,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

[their] thinking
νοος / νοον noos / noon: mind, thought, thinking, understanding
ναον naon
ναος / ναον naos / naon: temple
a temple

[they] fabricated
κτιζω / εκτιζεν ktizō / ektizen: create, produce, build, fabricate, make so
εκτισεν ektisen
κτιζω / εκτιζεν ktizō / ektizen: create, produce, build, fabricate, make so
[he] built

in similarity.
ὁμοιος homoios: like, resembling, similar
ὁμοιον homoion
ὁμοιος homoios: like, resembling, similar
in resemblance [of the old one].

About
περι peri: around, about
περι peri
περι peri: around, about
About

this,
ὁς / ὡν hos / hōn: that, this
ὡν hōn
ὁς / ὡν hos / hōn: that, this
this,

again
αυτἱς authis: back, again
αυθις authis
αυτἱς authis: back, again
again

[at a] later
κατα kata: down, later
κατα kata
κατα kata: down, later
[at a] later

point
cὡρα chōra: place, spot
χωραν chōran
cὡρα chōra: place, spot
point

[we shall] explain.
δηλοω dēloō: disclose, explain
δηλωσομεν dēlōsomen
δηλοω dēloō: disclose, explain
[we shall] explain.

De Bello Judaico 1.33.a

To shield their wealth, nobles hide their heritage.

Here, the key phrase is that the patria brephē “heritage of the infants” has to be “abandoned”. It’s implied to be the inherited customs concerning children, but that isn’t said explicitly.

For the spooks, it’s the “heritage” in the sense of “lineage” of their children that has to be “abandoned”, and hidden from public view.

That aristocrats must hide their nepotist family relations is written in Exodus 20:12, Leviticus 18:6, Art of War 1.6, Bello Judaico 1.34.

De Bello Judaico 1.34.a

Encrypted: This defense though in fact was surely not sufficient, for from feared prevailing of the multitudes, and also not for their the rulers’ plundering and their great wealth it was not sufficient. Under rather the multitudes’ ill tempered emotions, and in remembering of what they because of their love of rulership were blamed for, were forced the nobles & majesties to abolish their lineage & descent of their infants and themselves and avoid to publicly recount them, and of their servants to cheat & beguile them from the tribune.

Official: Antiochus though in fact was still absolutely not satisfied, of this being contrary to his expectations of conquering the city, and also not of his plundering and the great slaughter he was not satisfied. Under rather his ill tempered emotions, and in remembering of what he because of the siege had suffered, he forced the Judeans / Jews to abolish their heritage / ancestral customs and their infants and themselves preserve / leave as not circumcised, and of forbidden pigs to sacrifice them on the altar.

[This] defense [though]
αντεcὡ / αντεcοἱς antechō / antechois: resist, withstand, hold against, defend
Αντιοχω Antiochō
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus [though]

in fact
γε ge: at least, in fact
γε ge
γε ge: at least, in fact
in fact

[was] surely
μην mēn: surely, truly, absolutely
μην mēn
μην mēn: surely, truly, absolutely
[was still] absolutely

not [sufficient],
ουτε oute: and not
ουτε oute
ουτε oute: and not
not [satisfied],

[for]
ὁ / το ho / to: he, that
το to
ὁ / το ho / to: he, that
[of] this

from
παρα para: from, because, at
παρ par
παρα para: beside, contrary to
being contrary to

feared
ελπις elpis: hope, expectation, fear
ελπιδα elpida
ελπις elpis: hope, expectation, fear
[his] expectations [of]

prevailing
κρατεω krateō: arrest, prevail, get the upper hand
κρατησαι kratēsai
κρατεω krateō: seize, control, conquer
conquering

[of] the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
the

multitudes,
πολυς / πολυν polys / polyn: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολεως poleōs
πολις / πολιν polis / polin: city
city,

and also not
ουτε oute: and not
ουτε oute
ουτε oute: and not
and also not

[for] their [the rulers’]
ὁ / αἱ ho / hai: the, he
αἱ hai
ὁ / αἱ ho / hai: the, he
[of] his

plundering
ἁρπαγη harpagē: robbery, prey, pillage, plunder, greediness
ἁρπαγαι harpagai
ἁρπαγη harpagē: robbery, prey, pillage, plunder, greediness
plundering

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

[their]
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
the

great
τοσουτος tosoutos: so much, thus much
τοσουτος tosoutos
τοσουτος tosoutos: so much, thus much
great

wealth
πιων / πιονος piōn / pionos: fat, rich, wealthy, plenteous
φονος phonos
πὁνος phonos: murder, slaughter
slaughter

[it was not] sufficient.
αρκεω arkeō: suffice, enough, satisfy
ηρκεσεν ērkesen
αρκεω arkeō: suffice, enough, satisfy
[he was not] satisfied.

Under
ὑπο hypo: under
ὑπο hypo
ὑπο hypo: under
Under

rather
δε de: but
δε de
δε de: but
rather

[the multitudes’] ill tempered
ακρασια akrasia: bad mixture, ill temperature
ακρασιας akrasias
ακρασια akrasia: bad mixture, ill temperature
[his] ill tempered

emotions,
πατὁς pathos: passion, emotion, condition, state
παθων pathōn
πατὁς pathos: passion, emotion, condition, state
emotions,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

in
κατα kata: against, into
κατα kata
κατα kata: against, into
in

remembering
μνημη mnēmē: remembrance, memory
μνημην mnēmēn
μνημη mnēmē: remembrance, memory
remembering

[of what] they
ὁς / ὡν hos / hōn: his
ὡν hōn
ὁς / ὡν hos / hōn: his
[of what] he

because of
παρα para: from, because, at
παρα para
παρα para: from, because, at
because of

their
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

love of rulership
π ὑλαρcὁς phylarchos: phylarch, chief officer; πἱλαρcἱα philarchia: love of rule, lust of power
πολιορκιαν poliorkian
πολιορκια poliorkia: siege of a city
siege

were blamed for,
ψεγω psegō: blame, find fault
επαθεν epathen
πασcὡ paschō: undergo, experience, suffer
had suffered,

[were] forced
ανανκαζω anankazō: force, compel
ηναγκαζεν ēnankazen
ανανκαζω anankazō: force, compel
[he] forced

the nobles & majesties
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιους Ioudaious
Ιουδαιος / Ιουδαιων Ioudaios / Ioudaiōn: Judean, Jew
the Judeans / Jews

to abolish
καταλυω katalyō: take down, abolish
καταλυσαντας katalysantas
καταλυω katalyō: take down, abolish
to abolish

their
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
τα ta
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
their

lineage & descent
πατρια / πατριας patria / patrias: lineage, descent
πατρια patria
πατριος / πατρια patrios / patria: of one’s father, ancestral, hereditary
heritage / ancestral [customs]

[of their] infants
βρεπὁς brephos: baby, infant
βρεφη brephē
βρεπὁς brephos: baby, infant
[and their] infants

and
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
and

themselves
αυτος autos: self
αυτων autōn
αυτος autos: self
themselves [??]

[and] avoid
π ὑλασσω phylassō: protect, defend, shun, avoid
φυλαττειν phylattein
π ὑλασσω phylassō: maintain, preserve
preserve / leave

[to publicly] recount [them],
απαριθμεω aparithmeō: count, recount, relate, take inventory
απεριτμητα aperitmēta
α- a-: not; περιτομη peritomē: circumcised
[as] not circumcised,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

[of their] servants
αοζος aozos: servant, attendant
συς sys
συς sys: pig, swine, hog
[of forbidden] pigs

to cheat & beguile [them]
απαταω / απατην apataō / apatēn: cheat, trick, outwit, beguile
επιθυειν epithyein
επιτ ὑω / επιτ ὑειν epithyō / epithyein: sacrifice, offer
to sacrifice [them]

[from] the
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
τω
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
[on] the

tribune.
βημα bēma: platform, stage, tribune to speak from
βωμω bōmō
βωμος / βωμω bōmos / bōmō: raised platform, stand, altar
altar.

De Bello Judaico 1.34.a

Rulers claim top posts as commoners

Nobles make their disguise brilliant & superior.

In this paragraph, the most interesting keywords are the parangelmata paranomias “commanded transgressions” against Jewish laws committed by the foreign governors, which are katelipen hyperbolēn “extremely disregardful” to local customs.

The encrypted text seems to say that the rulers use parakalymmate pronemeis “beforehand assigned veils”, i.e. disguises, which are katalampen hyperbolēn “illuminated as superior”. This meaning is confirmed in the next paragraph.

De Bello Judaico 1.35.a

Encrypted: As for all of these measures they were of course / absolutely never uttered, and were never spoken of then the noblest ones. And they were all-concealed those who were nominated to be under this defense that was displayed, and they physically assumed in advance a resemblance of these obscuring veils & cover-ups which were beforehand assigned, and every one was illuminated as being superior.

Official: Against the all of these measures they were of course / absolutely disobedient, and were slaughtered then the most notable / noblest ones. And Bacchides, who was sent by Antiochus as a commander, in his nature assisting the savagery / cruelty of these sacrilegious commands to these transgressions, and every one was disregardful to the extremest.

As for
προς pros: toward
προς pros
προς pros: toward
Against

 
ὁ / ἁ ho / ha: the, he
ἁ ha
ὁ / ἁ ho / ha: the, he
the

all [of these measures]
ἁπας / ἁπαντες hapas / hapantes: all together, the whole
ἁπαντες hapantes
ἁπας / ἁπαντες hapas / hapantes: all together, the whole
all [of these measures]

[they were] of course / absolutely
μην mēn: surely, truly, absolutely
μεν men
μην mēn: surely, truly, absolutely
[they were] of course / absolutely

never uttered,
απἁτος / απἁτον aphatos / aphaton: not uttered, nameless, untold
ηπειθουν ēpeithoun
απειτἑω apeitheō: disobey
disobedient,

[and were] never spoken of
ασπετος / ασπετω / ασπετον aspetos / aspetō / aspeton: unspeakable, impossible to tell of
εσφαττοντο esphattonto
σπἁζω / σπἁττοις / εσπἁττοντο sphazō / sphattois / esphattonto: slay, slaughter
[and were] slaughtered

[then]
δε de: and
δε de
δε de: and
[then]

the
ὁ / οἱ ho / hoi: the, he
οἱ hoi
ὁ / οἱ ho / hoi: the, he
the

noblest [ones].
δοκιμος dokimos: esteemed, notable, noblest
δοκιμωτατοι dokimōtatoi
δοκιμος dokimos: esteemed, notable, noblest
most notable / noblest [ones].

And
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
And

[they were] all-concealed
πανκευτἡς pankeuthēs: all-concealing; παν- pan-: all; κευτὡ / κευτἡς keuthō / keuthēs: cover, hide, conceal
Βακχιδης Bakchidēs
Βακcἱδης Bakchidēs: Bacchides
Bacchides,

[those] who
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
who

were nominated [to be]
πεμπω / πεμψαι / πεμφτεἱς pempō / pempsai / pemphtheis: send, dispatch, nominate
πεμφθεις pemphtheis
πεμπω / πεμψαι / πεμφτεἱς pempō / pempsai / pemphtheis: send, dispatch, nominate
was sent

under
ὑπο hypo: under, through, by
ὑπο hypo
ὑπο hypo: under, through, by
by

this defense
αντεcὡ / αντεcοἱς antechō / antechois: resist, withstand, endure, hold against, defend
Αντιοχου Antiochou
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

[that was] displayed,
παρεcὡ / παρεcοἱς parechō / parechois: present, show, display, exhibit
φρουραρχος phrourarchos
φρουραρcὁς / φρουαρcὡ phrourarchos / phrouarchō: commander; φρουρα phroura: guard; αρcὡ archō: rule, command
[as] a commander,

[and] they
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
τη
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
[in] his

physically
π ὑσικος physikos: natural, produced
φυσικη physikē
π ὑσικος physikos: natural, produced
nature

assumed in advance
προλαμβανω prolambanō: anticipate, take in preference, assume in advance
προσλαβων proslabōn
προσλαμβανω proslambanō: receive, take part in, use, help, assist
assisting

a resemblance
ομοιοτης omoiotēs: likeness, resemblance
ωμοτητι ōmotēti
ωμοτης ōmotēs: rawness, savagery, cruelty
the savagery / cruelty

[of] these
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
τα ta
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
[of] these

obscuring
ασαπἡς asaphēs: indistinct, faint, dim, obscure
ασεβη asebē
ασεβης asebēs: unholy, profane, sinful, sacrilegious
sacrilegious

veils & cover-ups
παρακαλυμμα / παρακαλυμματε parakalymma / parakalymmate: covering, cloak, curtain, veil, excuse
παραγγελματα parangelmata
παρανγελμα / παρανγελματα parangelma / parangelmata: message transmitted
commands

[which were] beforehand assigned,
προνεμω pronemō: assign beforehand; προ- pro-: before; νεμω nemō: hand out, dispense, allot, assign
παρανομιας paranomias
παρανομια paranomia: transgression of decency, wickedness
[to these] transgressions,

[and] every one
ουδεις oudeis: none, every
ουδεμιαν oudemian
ουδεις oudeis: none, every
[and] every one

was illuminated
καταλαμπω katalampō: shine, illuminate
κατελιπεν katelipen
καταλειπω kataleipō: leave remaining, leave alone, disregard
was disregardful [???]

[as being] superior.
ὑπερβολη hyperbolē: superiority
ὑπερβολην hyperbolēn
ὑπερβολη hyperbolē: hyperbola, excess, extremity
to the extremest.

De Bello Judaico 1.35.a

Important nobles appear as brilliant, influencial figures.

Here, even the literal text says that the governors endeiknymenos opsin “show off a sight”. Also, there’s the axiologous aikizomenos “torturing of the most important ones”.

For the spooks, existence is all about endeiknymenos opsin “showing off their appearances”, so no extra pun-words are needed. And putting their biggest egos into public view in a disguise, that’s seen as a axiologous augazomenos “limelighting of the most important ones”.

De Bello Judaico 1.35.b

Encrypted: And as for the men who were the most important they were to appear in the clearest light and to the general public on every day they would show off their appearances to change the multitudes, until the superiority of these famous / popular / distinguished / influencial figures that they the general public experienced, into faithfully / standing by and patiently / suffering misery they would stimulate them.

Official: And against the men who were the most important he tortured, and to the general public on every day he made a show of the sight of the capture of their city, until the extremity of these offences that they the general public suffered, into vengeance and courage roused them.

And
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
And

as for
κατα kata: against, towards, for
κατ kat
κατα kata: against, towards, for
against

the men
ανηρ / ανδρα / ανδρος anēr / andra / andros: man
ανδρα andra
ανηρ / ανδρα / ανδρος anēr / andra / andros: man
the men

[who were] the
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
[who were] the

most important
αξιολογος axiologos: worthy, remarkable, important
αξιολογους axiologous
αξιολογος axiologos: worthy, remarkable, important
most important

[they were] to appear in the clearest light
αυγαζω augazō: view in the clearest light, set in a clear light, appear bright
αικιζομενος aikizomenos
αικιζω aikizō: maltreat, torment, torture
[he] tortured,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

[to] the general public
κοινος koinos: common, public, general
κοινη koinē
κοινος koinos: common, public, general
[to] the general public

on
κατα kata: against, into, in
καθ kath
κατα kata: against, into, in
on

[every] day
ἡμερα hēmera: day, time
ἡμεραν hēmeran
ἡμερα hēmera: day, time
[every] day

[they would] show off
ενδεικνυμι endeiknymi: display, show, make a show, show off
ενδεικνυμενος endeiknymenos
ενδεικνυμι endeiknymi: display, show, make a show, show off
[he] made a show of

[their] appearances
οψις opsis: look, appearance, visual impression, image
οψιν opsin
οψις opsis: view, sight
the sight

to change
αλλασσω / αλλασσουσι allassō / allassousi: make other than it is, change, alter
ἁλωσεως halōseōs
ἁλωσις / ἁλωσει halōsis / halōsei: capture, conquest
of the capture

the
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
τη
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
[of] their

multitudes,
πολυς / πολυν polys / polyn: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολει polei
πολις / πολιν polis / polin: city
city,

until
μεχρι mechri: as far as, until
μεχρι mechri
μεχρι mechri: as far as, until
until

the
ὁ / ταις ho / tais: the, he
ταις tais
ὁ / ταις ho / tais: the, he
the

superiority
ὑπερβολη hyperbolē: superiority
ὑπερβολαις hyperbolais
ὑπερβολη hyperbolē: hyperbola, excess, extremity
extremity

[of] these
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] these

famous / popular / distinguished / influencial [figures]
ευδοκιμεω eudokimeō: esteem, honoured, famous, popular, distinguished, influence
αδικηματων adikēmatōn
αδικημα adikēma: misdeed, offence, wrongdoing
offences

[that] they [the general public]
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
[that] they [the general public]

experienced,
πασcὡ paschō: have a sensible experience, experience an impression, feel, feeling, passion
πασχοντας paschontas
πασcὡ paschō: undergo, vex, suffer
suffered,

into
εις eis: into
εις eis
εις eis: into
into

faithfully / standing by
εμμενω emmenō: abide by, stand by, faithful, fixed
αμυνης amynēs
αμυνω amynō: avenge, repay
vengeance

[and] patiently / suffering misery
τλημων tlēmōn: suffering, enduring, patient, wretched, miserable
τολμαν tolman
τολμα / τολμαν tolma / tolman: courage
[and] courage

[they would] stimulate [them].
ερετἱζω erethizō: provoke, stimulate, excite, irritate
ηρεθισε ērethise
ερετἱζω erethizō: stir up, rouse to anger, rouse to fight
roused [them].

De Bello Judaico 1.35.b

Pretenders in disguise spy on the population.

This paragraphs confirms another of Miles’ key discoveries: The intelligence services never existed primarily to spy on external enemies. Rather, the secret armies of spies were set up to spy on the rulers’s own subjects, in ancient times already.

The literal text talks about a hiereōn “priest” from the kōmēs Mōdeein onoma “village named Modein”. This priest kopis anairei “raises a knife” and kills the governor Bakchidēn “Bacchides”. Giving the name of the priest’s home village is oddly specific for such an otherwise totally unspecific text. When he then fears the “great numbers” of the enemies, he flees into the oros “mountains”.

The encrypted text seems to mean that the rulers send eirōn “dissemblers” with komēs mēdeōn anomoia “hair that was cunningly made dissimilar”, probably meaning general masking. These are skopos enoraei “spies to observe” the baxaitēn “talk” of the population. Whenever the fear the “great numbers” of the multitudes, they flee to the ouros “guards”. Spies were never the daredevils they sell to us in Hollywood movies. Then as now, they were cowardly hirelings, from the ranks of the powerful, employed against the powerless.

De Bello Judaico 1.36.a

Encrypted: The cunning / measure then of the noble rulers, were pretenders & dissemblers in likeness with long hair that was cunningly made dissimilar, who would be shielded / comrades among the subdued servants in every way, because alike were they, and observers & spies to observe the rumours & tidings. And immediately of course, when they feared of the multitudes a discovery, then to the guards they would flee.

Official: Mathias then, the son of Asamoneus, of the priests one, from the village which Modin was named, shielded armed? himself together with among the hands members of his household, which had five indeed sons were there of him, and a knife he raised / and killed Bacchides. And immediately however, he feared the great number of the guards, and into the mountains he fled.

The cunning / measure
μητις / μητιας mētis / mētias: cunning, craft, plan, undertaking, measure
Ματθιας matthias
Ματτἱας Matthias: Matthias
Mathias

then
γουν goun: at least then
γουν goun
γουν goun: at least then
then,

[of the] noble
ευς / ἑεος eus / heeos: strong, noble
υἱος huios
υἱος huios: son
the son

rulers,
αισυμναω aisymnaō: rule over, govern
Ασαμωναιου asamōnaiou
Ασαμωναιος / Ασαμωναιου Asamōnaios / Asamōnaiou: Asamoneus
of Asamoneus,

[were]
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] the

pretenders & dissemblers
ειρων eirōn: dissembler, pretender
ἱερεων hiereōn
ἱερευς / ἱερεων hiereus / hiereōn: priest
priests

in likeness
εισος eisos: alike, equal; ισος isos: like, equal
εἱς heis
εἱς heis: one
one,

with
απο apo: from, by, with
απο apo
απο apo: from, by, with
from

long hair
κομη / κομης komē / komēs: hair of the head; κομαω komaō: let hair grow, wear long hair, decked
κωμης kōmēs
κωμη / κωμης kōmē / kōmēs: unwalled village
the village

[that was] cunningly
μηδος / μηδεων mēdos / mēdeōn: counsels, plans, arts, schemes, plans, prudence, cunning
Μωδεειν mōdeein
Μωδεειν Mōdeein: Modin
[which] Modin

made dissimilar,
ανομοιοω anomoioō: make unlike, make dissimilar, become so; ανομοιος / ανομοια anomoios / anomoia: unlike, dissimilar
ονομα onoma
ονομα onoma: name
[was] named,

[who would be] shielded / comrades
συν- syn-: together; απισοω apisoō: make equal, made equal
συνασπισας synaspisas
συνασπιζω synaspizō: shield-fellow, comrade; συν- syn-: together; ασπιζω aspizō: shield, protect
shielded [armed? himself?] together [with]

among
μετα meta: between, among
μετα meta
μετα meta: between, among
among

the subdued
cεἱροω cheiroō: manage, conquer, overpower, master, subdued
χειρος cheiros
cεἱρ cheir: hand, arm, number, body of men
the hands [members?]

servants
οικευς oikeus: menial, servant, serf; οικετης / οικετας oiketēs / oiketas: household slave, servant
οικειας oikeias
οικειος / οικειοτατος oikeios / oikeiotatos: of the house, familial, domestic
[of his] household,

in every way,
παντη pantē: in every way, altogether, entirely
πεντε pente
πεντε pente: five
[which had] five

because
γαρ gar: for, indeed, because
γαρ gar
γαρ gar: for, indeed, because
indeed

alike
ισος isos: alike, equal, similar, copy
υἱεις huieis
υἱος huios: son
sons

were
ειμι / ησαν eimi / ēsan: to be
ησαν ēsan
ειμι / ησαν eimi / ēsan: to be
were [there]

they,
αυτος autos: self
αυτω autō
αυτος autos: self
[of] him,

[and] observers & spies
σκοπος / σκοποιν skopos / skopoin: watcher, observer, scout, spy; σκοπεω / σκοπεωσιν skopeō / skopeōsin: watch, spy
κοπισιν kopisin
κοπις / κοπισιν kopis / kopisin: cleaver, curved knife
[and] a knife

to observe
ενοραω / ενοραει enoraō / enoraei: look at, mark, observe, behold
αναιρει anairei
αναιρεω / αναιρει anaireō / anairei: take up, make away with, destroy, kill
[he] raised / [and] killed

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
 

rumours & tidings.
βαζω / βαξητον / βαξαιτην bazō / baxēton / baxaitēn: say, talk, prate; βαξις baxis: rumour, tidings, what is thought
Βακχιδην Bakchidēn
Βακcἱδης / Βακcἱδην Bakchidēs / Bakchidēn: Bacchides
Bacchides.

And
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
And

immediately
παραχρημα parachrēma: on the spot, immediately
παραχρημα parachrēma
παραχρημα parachrēma: on the spot, immediately
immediately

of course,
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
however,

[when they] feared
δειδω deidō: fear
δεισας deisas
δειδω deidō: fear
[he] feared

[of] the
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
το to
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
the

multitudes
πλητὁς plēthos: populace, people, multitude
πληθος plēthos
πλητὁς plēthos: great number
great number

a
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] the

discovery,
πὡραω phōraō: search, detected, discovered
φρουρων phrourōn
φρουρα phroura: guard, garrison
guards,

[then] to
εις eis: into, to
εις eis
εις eis: into, to
[and] into

the
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
τα ta
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
the

guards
ουρος ouros: watcher, guardian; ουρευς oureus: guard, warder
ορη orē
ορος oros: mountain, hill
mountains

[they would] flee.
καταπεὑγω katapheugō: flee, escape
καταφευγει katapheugei
καταπεὑγω katapheugō: flee, escape
[he] fled.

De Bello Judaico 1.36.a

Rulers have the people fight against each other.

Here, the multitudes “attach” themselves to the rebel leader. He has them symbalōn “come together” to fight against Antiochou stratēgous “Antiochus’ leaders”, and by this gets rid of them (the leaders).

But Antiochus puns with “opposition”. The encrypted text isn’t too clear, but the rulers seem to have the multitudes “attach” themselves to fake rebel leaders. They are then symbalōn “pitted against each other”, and made to fight against antixoou stratēgous “opposition leaders”, perhaps one faction against another. By this, the rulers get rid of them (the rebels).

De Bello Judaico 1.37.a

Encrypted: And attached to them also from the people the multitudes of the resistance went down to them, and they pitted them against each other to fight with battles also for opposing leaders, and those of nobility & majesty by this got rid of them.

Official: And attached to him also from the whole country many people and regaining courage went down to him, and he united them to fight with victories also of Antiochus the generals, and from Judea drove them out.

[And] attached to [them]
προσγιγνομαι prosgignomai: attach oneself to
προσγενομενων prosgenomenōn
προσγιγνομαι prosgignomai: attach oneself to
[And] attached to [him]

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
also

from
απο apo: from, by, with
απο apo
απο apo: from, by, with
from

the
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
the

people
δημος dēmos: people, plebs, commoners, common people
δημου dēmou
δημος dēmos: country, land
[whole] country

the multitudes
πολυς / πολυν polys / polyn: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολλων pollōn
πολυς / πολυν polys / polyn: many, people
many people

of the resistance [?]
αντερεισις antereisis: resistance; αντερειδω / αντερεισω antereidō / antereisō: stand firm, offer resistance
αναθαρσησας anatharsēsas
ανατἁρσεω anatharseō: regain courage
[and] regaining courage

went down [to them],
κατειμι / κατεισι kateimi / kateisi: go down
κατεισι kateisi
κατειμι / κατεισι kateimi / kateisi: go down
went down [to him],

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

[they?] pitted [them?] against each other
συμβαλλω symballō: dash together, join in fight, pit against each other
συμβαλων symbalōn
συμβαλλω symballō: come together, join, unite
[he] united [them]

to fight
μαcἡ machē: battle, combat
μαχη machē
μαcἡ machē: battle, combat
to fight

[with] battles
νεικος / νεικη neikos / neikē: quarrel, strife, battle, fight
νικα nika
νικη nikē: victory
[with] victories

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

[for?]
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
[of]

opposing
αντιξοος antixoos: adverse, opposite, opposition
Αντιοχου Antiochou
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

leaders,
στρατηγος stratēgos: leader, governor
στρατηγους stratēgous
στρατηγος stratēgos: general
the generals,

and
και kai: and
και kai
και kai: and
and

[those]
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, that
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, that
[from?]

of nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοια aidoios / aidoia: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδοι aidōs / aidoi: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιας Ioudaias
Ιουδαια / Ιουδαιας Ioudaia / Ioudaias: Judea
Judea

[by this] got rid of [them].
εξελαυνω exelaunō: drive off, expel, reject, get rid of
εξελαυνει exelaunei
εξελαυνω exelaunō: expel, drive out, chase away
drove [them] out.

De Bello Judaico 1.37.a

Disguised nobles trick the people into making them rulers.

This hints at trickery like in today’s fake democracy: The ruling aristocrats feign to be independent little subjects who somehow became heroes or important figures. And because of this deception, people will then officially make them rulers again, and accept their rule!

In very ancient times, there was of course no fake democracy yet, but there were already systems of opposition and regime change. Those were also faked: Controlled opposition is explained in great length, starting at 1.51.

De Bello Judaico 1.37.a

Encrypted: And they passed / unnoticed also from these successes into again being rulers, and through this fabled-up / story from being another class, into again being rulers by their the people’s free will. And when accomplished this, those of nobility & majesty the most august & dignified ones by the slaves & servants were anointed as the rulers.

Official: And he passed also from these successes into being ruler, and through this deliverance from the foreigners, into being the ruler by their the Judeans’ free will. And when he died, Judas his oldest the son was left as the ruler.

[And they] passed / unnoticed
παρερcὁμαι / παρελτὡν parerchomai / parelthōn: pass unnoticed, escape notice, outwit, elude
παρελθων parelthōn
παρερcὁμαι / παρελτὡν parerchomai / parelthōn: go by, pass
[And he] passed

also
δε de: and
δε de
δε de: and
also

from
απο apo: from, by, with
απο apo
απο apo: from, by, with
from

[these]
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
[these]

successes
ευπραγια eupragia: success
ευπραγιας eupragias
ευπραγια eupragia: success
successes

into
εις eis: into, to
εις eis
εις eis: into, to
into

[again being] rulers,
δυναστης dynastēs: lord, master, ruler; δυναστεια dynasteia: power, lordship, dominion
δυναστειαν dynasteian
δυναστης dynastēs: lord, master, ruler; δυναστεια dynasteia: power, lordship, dominion
[being] ruler,

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

through
δια dia: between, among, through, by
δια dia
δια dia: between, among, through, by
through

this
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
this

fabled-up / story
απολογος apologos: story, tale, fable, apologue
απαλλαγην apallagēn
απαλλαγη apallagē: deliverance, relief, freedom
deliverance

[from]
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[from] the

[being] another class,
αλλοπ ὑλος allophylos: alien; αλλος / αλλο allos / allo: other; π ὑλον phylon: descent, clan, class
αλλοφυλων allophylōn
αλλοπ ὑλος allophylos: foreign; αλλος / αλλο allos / allo: other; π ὑλον phylon: tribe, nation
foreigners,

[into again being] rulers
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler
αρξας arxas
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler
[into being] the ruler

[by]
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[by]

their [the people’s]
σπἑτερος spheteros: their
σφετερων spheterōn
σπἑτερος spheteros: their
their [the Judeans’?]

free will.
ἑκων hekōn: willing
ἑκοντων hekontōn
ἑκων hekōn: willing
free will.

[And when] accomplished [this],
τελευταω teleutaō: accomplish, bring about
τελευτα teleuta
τελευταω teleutaō: finish, die
[And when he] died,

[those of] nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδα Iouda
Ιουδας Ioudas: Judas
Judas

the
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
τω
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
[his]

[most] august & dignified [ones]
πρεσβεια presbeia: rank, dignity; πρεσβα presba: august, honoured
πρεσβυτατω presbytatō
πρεσβυς presbys: older, oldest
oldest

[by] the
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
the

slaves & servants
παις / παιδων pais / paidōn: slave, servant
παιδων paidōn
παις / παιδων pais / paidōn: son
son

[were] anointed
καταλειπτος / καταλειπὁν kataleiptos / kataleiphon: anointed
καταλιπων katalipōn
καταλειπω / καταλιπων kataleipō / katalipōn: leave behind, bequeath
[was] left

[as] the
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
[as] the

rulers.
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler
αρχην archēn
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler
ruler.

De Bello Judaico 1.37.a

Rulers feign friendship to the troops and impress them.

De Bello Judaico 1.38.a

Encrypted: They however not yet that all this would keep quiet the hostile / opposition they did not assume, so they also of the subjects kept in good discipline the forces, and towards the army / forces foremost pretended friendship, and as for their visible surface / show when in turn towards their inferior soldiers they approached, with the mightiest of impressions they dressed in.

Official: He Judas then not yet that all this would keep quiet Antiochus he assumed, so he also of the natives kept together a force, and towards the Romans first made friendship, and of Epiphanes when again / once more into the land he attacked, with a mighty blow he pushed him back.

They
ὁ ho: the, he
Ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
He [Judas]

however
δε de: and, but, then
δε de
δε de: and, but, then
then

not
ου ou: not
ου ou
ου ou: not
not

yet
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
γαρ gar
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
yet

[that all this would] keep quiet
ηρεμεω ēremeō: be still, keep quiet, be at rest
ηρεμησειν ēremēsein
ηρεμεω ēremeō: be still, keep quiet, be at rest
[that all this would] keep quiet

the hostile / opposition
αντιξοος antixoos: hostile, opposite, opposition
Αντιοχον Antiochon
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

[they did not] assume,
ὑπολαμβανω hypolambanō: support, suppose, assume
ὑπελαμβανε hypelambane
ὑπολαμβανω hypolambanō: support, suppose, assume
[he] assumed,

[so] they
ὁ / τας ho / tas: the, he
τας tas
ὁ / τας ho / tas: the, he
[so] he

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

[of the] subjects
ὑποcεἱριος hypocheirios: subject, subordinate, under control
επιχωριους epichōrious
επιcὡριος epichōrios: native, of the country, national
[of the] natives

[kept] in good discipline
συνκροτεω synkroteō: organise, well-trained, in good discipline
συγκροτει synkrotei
συνκρατεω synkrateō: keep together, hold together
kept together

the forces,
δυναμις dynamis: power, force, forces
δυναμεις dynameis
δυναμις dynamis: power, force, forces
a force,

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

towards
προς pros: against, at, to, towards
προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to, towards
towards

the army / forces
ῥωμη / ῥωμαις rhōmē / rhōmais: strength, might, force, army
Ῥωμαιους Rhōmaious
Ῥωμαιος Rhōmaios: Roman
the Romans

foremost
πρωτος prōtos: foremost
πρωτος prōtos
πρωτος prōtos: first
first

pretended
ποιεω / εποιησατο poieō / epoiēsato: pretend
εποιησατο epoiēsato
ποιεω / εποιησατο poieō / epoiēsato: make
made

friendship,
πἱλια / πἱλιαν philia / philian: friendship
φιλιαν philian
πἱλια / πἱλιαν philia / philian: friendship
friendship,

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

[as for]
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
[of]

[their] visible surface / show
επιπἁνεια epiphaneia: epiphany, visible surface, outward show
Επιφανη Epiphanē
Επιπἁνης Epiphanēs: Epiphanes
Epiphanes

[when] in turn
παλιν palin: back, once more, anew, again, in turn
παλιν palin
παλιν palin: back, once more, anew, again, in turn
[when] again / once more

towards
εις eis: into, to
εις eis
εις eis: into, to
into

their
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

inferior [soldiers]
cεἱρων cheirōn: worse, inferior, lower in rank, knave
χωραν chōran
cὡρα / cὡραν chōra / chōran: land, nation
land

[they] approached,
εμπελαζω / εμπελωυνται empelazō / empelōuntai: come near, approach
εμβαλλοντα emballonta
εμβαλλω / εμβαλλοντα emballō / emballonta: throw in, attack; εν- en-: in; βαλλω ballō: throw
[he] attacked,

with
μετα meta: with, by aid of
μετα meta
μετα meta: with, by aid of
with

the mightiest
καρτερος karteros: strong, staunch, mighty
καρτερας karteras
καρτερος karteros: strong, staunch, mighty
a mighty

of impressions
πληγη plēgē: stroke on eyes, impact, impression
πληγης plēgēs
πληγη plēgē: stroke, blow
blow

[they] dressed in.
ενστελλω enstellō: dress in, clad in
ανεστειλεν anesteilen
αναστελλω anastellō: send up, raise, push back, repulse
[he] pushed [him] back.

De Bello Judaico 1.38.a

Nobles claim top parts of society, watchful subjects are demoted.

De Bello Judaico 1.39.a

Encrypted: With also the hotheaded and the virtuous / correct / upright ones they attacked upon, those in the multitudes the watchful ones, who had not yet been won over & repulsed, and also threw them out from the upper parts of the multitudes, and instead forced the stubborn ones into the lower ones parts of society. Also the common / citizenry the portion which “the top” was called they obtained & granted it to themselves.

Official: From also the fresh his success he was urged on / rushed on, upon the in the city the guards, who had not yet been cut off, and also threw them out from the upper / inner part of the city and instead forced the enemy soldiers into the lower one part of the city. Also of the town the part which “the citadel” was called he obtained.

With
απο apo: from, by, with
απο apo
απο apo: from, by, with
From

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
also

the hotheaded
τἑρμος thermos: hot, hotheaded, rash, eager
θερμου thermou
τἑρμος thermos: hot, fresh
the fresh

[and]
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
his

the virtuous / correct / upright [ones]
κατορτὡμα katorthōma: done rightly, virtuous, correct; κατορτὁω katorthoō: upright, erect, straight, set right
κατορθωματος katorthōmatos
κατορτὡμα katorthōma: success
success

[they] attacked
ὁρμαω / ὡρμησεν hormaō / hōrmēsen: urge on, rush, attack
ὡρμησεν hōrmēsen
ὁρμαω / ὡρμησεν hormaō / hōrmēsen: urge on, rush, attack
[he was] urged on / rushed on,

upon,
επι epi: on, upon
επι epi
επι epi: on, upon
upon

[those]
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

in
εν en: in, on, at
εν en
εν en: in, on, at
in

the
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
τη
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
the

multitudes
πολυς / πολλε polys / polle: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολει polei
πολις / πολει polis / polei: city
city

the watchful [ones],
φρουρα phroura: looking out, watch, watchful
φρουραν phrouran
φρουρα phroura: guard, garrison
the guards,

[who had] not
ουπω oupō: not yet
ουπω oupō
ουπω oupō: not yet
[who had] not

yet
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
γαρ gar
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
yet

been won over & repulsed,
εκκοπτω ekkoptō: win, repulse, hinder
εκκεκοπτο ekkekopto
εκκοπτω ekkoptō: cut off, make an end of, knock out
[been] cut off,

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

threw [them] out
εκβαλλω / εκβαλων ekballō / ekbalōn: throw out, cast out, banish
εκβαλων ekbalōn
εκβαλλω / εκβαλων ekballō / ekbalōn: throw out, cast out, banish
threw [them] out

from
απο apo: from, by, with
απο apo
απο apo: from, by, with
from

the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
the

upper [parts of]
ανω anō: upwards, inward, above, higher
ανω anō
ανω anō: upwards, inward, above, higher
upper / inner [part of]

the multitudes,
πολυς / πολεος polys / poleos: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολεως poleōs
πολις / πολεως polis / poleōs: city
the city

[and instead] forced
συνωτἑω synōtheō: force together
συνωθει synōthei
συνωτἑω synōtheō: force together
[and instead] forced

the
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
the

stubborn [ones]
στερεος / στερεωτερος stereos / stereōteros: solid, hard, stubborn
στρατιωτας stratiōtas
στρατιωτης stratiōtēs: soldier
[enemy] soldiers

into
εις eis: into, to
εις eis
εις eis: into, to
into

the
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

lower
κατω katō: downwards, beneath, below
κατω katō
κατω katō: downwards, beneath, below
lower

ones [parts of society].
οὑτος / τουτο houtos / touto: this, here, the latter
τουτο touto
οὑτος / τουτο houtos / touto: this, here, the latter
one [part of the city].

Also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
Also

the
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
[of] the

common / citizenry
αστος astos: townsman, citizen, common people
αστεος asteos
αστυ / αστεος asty / asteos: town
town

the
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
το to
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
the

portion
μερος meros: share, portion
μερος meros
μερος meros: share, portion
part

[which] “the top”
ακρα akra: top, peak, end; ακρος / ακρα akros / akra: best, first
Ακρα akra
ακρα akra: castle, citadel
[which] “the citadel”

was called
καλεω / κεκληται kaleō / keklētai: call, summon
κεκληται keklētai
καλεω / κεκληται kaleō / keklētai: call, summon
was called

they obtained & granted [it to themselves].
κυρεω kyreō: be master of, granted to, turn out, prove to be
κυριευσας kyrieusas
κυρεω kyreō: attain, obtain, be master of
he obtained.

De Bello Judaico 1.39.a

Nobles cleanse all public institutions to be useless.

De Bello Judaico 1.39.b

Encrypted: And of other powerful people they also each space they cleansed in every way, and walled it off. And of in regard to the public servants / public service the entire apparatus to be vain / wasted / ineffectual / useless / of no purpose they furnished it, and into its thinking / reasoning / purpose / design had this inefficiency introduced, as the former one had been too truthful. Of the altars & public platforms also founded different new ones they, for better obscuring their governing.

Official: And of the temple he also the whole district he cleansed in every way, and walled it off. And of in regard to the ministration the vessels new ones he furnished, and into the temple had the vessels carried, as the former ones had been blemished. Of the altar also built another new one he, for the offerings to begin anew.

And
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
And

[of]
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
[of] the

[other] powerful [people]
ἱερος / ἱερον hieros / hieron: mighty, august, admirable, powerful
ἱερου hierou
ἱερον hieron: holy place, temple, shrine
temple

they
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
he

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also the

[each] space
cὡρος chōros: place, space, district, country
χωρον chōron
cὡρος chōros: place, space, district, country
[whole] district

[they] cleansed
καταἱρω kathairō: cleanse
εκαθηρε ekathēre
καταἱρω kathairō: cleanse
[he] cleansed

in every way,
παντη pantē: every way, on every side
παντα panta
παντη pantē: every way, on every side
in every way,

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

walled it off.
περιτειcἱζω periteichizō: wall all round
περιετειχισε perieteichise
περιτειcἱζω periteichizō: wall all round
walled it off.

And
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
And

[of]
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
τα ta
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
[of]

in regard to
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
in regard to

the
ὁ / τας ho / tas: the, he
τας tas
ὁ / τας ho / tas: the, he
the

public servants / public service
λειτουργια leitourgia: public duty, public service; λειτουργος leitourgos: public servant
λειτουργιας leitourgias
λειτουργια leitourgia: liturgy, ministration
ministration

[the entire] apparatus
σκευος / σκευη skeuos / skeuē: tool, apparatus, subordinate person
σκευη skeuē
σκευος / σκευη skeuos / skeuē: vessel
the vessels

to be vain / wasted / ineffectual / useless / of no purpose
κενος kenos: vain, pretentious, ineffectual, no purpose; κενοω kenoō: expend, waste away, neutralize, falsify, render useless
καινα kaina
καινος kainos: new, fresh
new [ones]

[they] furnished [it],
κατασκευαζω kataskeuazō: fabricate, trump up, suborn
κατασκευασας kataskeuasas
κατασκευαζω kataskeuazō: equip, furnish
[he] furnished,

[and] into
εις eis: into, to
εις eis
εις eis: into, to
[and] into

[its]
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
the

thinking / reasoning / purpose / design
νοος / νοον noos / noon: mind, thought, thinking, intellect, reason, purpose, design
ναον naon
ναος / ναον naos / naon: temple
temple

[had this inefficiency] introduced,
εισπἑρω eispherō: employ, propose, nominate, introduce
εισηνεγκεν eisēnenken
εισπἑρω eispherō: carry in
[had the vessels] carried,

as
ὡς hōs: like as, just as
ὡς hōs
ὡς hōs: like as, just as
as

the
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
the

former [one]
προτερος proteros: former, earlier
προτερων proterōn
προτερος proteros: former, earlier
former [ones]

[had been too] truthful.
εμμενω / εμμενον emmenō / emmenon: be true to one’s word, be faithful, stand fast, hold good, be fixed
μεμιαμμενων memiammenōn
μωμος / μωμε mōmos / mōme: disgrace, blemish; μωμαομαι mōmaomai: find fault with
[had been] blemished [???].

[Of the] altars & [public] platforms
βημα bēma: platform, stage, tribune, tribunal of a magistrate
βωμον bōmon
βωμος / βωμον bōmos / bōmon: raised platform, stand, altar
[Of the] altar

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

founded
οικοδομεω oikodomeō: build, found, construct
ωκοδομησεν ōkodomēsen
οικοδομεω oikodomeō: build a house
built

different
ἑτερος heteros: other, different
ἑτερον heteron
ἑτερος heteros: other, different
another

new [ones]
καινος kainos: new, fresh
και kai
καινος kainos: new, fresh
new [one]

they,
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
he,

[for better] obscuring
αινιγμος ainigmos: riddle, hint, implication; αινιγμα ainigma: enigma, obscure thing, express obscurely
εναγισμων enagismōn
εναγισμος enagismos: offering
[for the] offerings

[their] governing.
αρcὡ / ηρξατο archō / ērxato: rule, govern, command
ηρξατο ērxato
αρcὡ / ηρξατο archō / ērxato: begin
to begin [anew].

De Bello Judaico 1.39.b

Opposition to the nobility disappears.

De Bello Judaico 1.40.a

Encrypted: When had received also just then that easy-to-handle constitution the the multitudes / people, then was finished indeed the hostile / opposition to the rulers’ possession and to the rulership theirs. And also the against those of nobility & majesty the hostility and of this manner the hostile / opposition had disappeared.

Official: When had received also just then that new holy constitution the city, then died indeed Antiochus IV Epiphanes. His heir, however, to the kingdom his, and also to his against the Jews / Judeans his hatred his son Antiochus V Eupator became a heir.

[When] had received
λαμβανω / λαβων lambanō / labōn: possess, receive, get
λαμβανουσης lambanousēs
λαμβανω / λαβων lambanō / labōn: possess, receive, get
[When] had received

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
also

just then
αρτι arti: just, just now
αρτι arti
αρτι arti: just, just now
just then

that
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
το to
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
that

easy-to-handle
ευηρης euērēs: well-fitted, easy to handle, handy
ἱερον hieron
ἱερος / ἱερον hieros / hieron: holy; ἱερον hieron: holy place, temple
[new] holy

constitution
καταστημα katastēma: state of affairs, condition, constitution
καταστημα katastēma
καταστημα katastēma: state of affairs, condition, constitution
constitution

the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
the

the multitudes / people,
πολυς polys: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολεως poleōs
πολις polis: city
city,

[then] was finished
τελευταω teleutaō: finish, die
τελευτα teleuta
τελευταω teleutaō: finish, die
[then] died

indeed
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
indeed

the hostile / opposition
αντιξοος antixoos: hostile, opposite, opposition, enemy
Αντιοχος Antiochos
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus [IV Epiphanes].

[to the rulers’] possession
κληρονομος klēronomos: heir
κληρονομος klēronomos
κληρονομος klēronomos: heir
[His] heir,

and
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
however,

[to] the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
[to] the

rulership
βασιλευω basileuō: rule, reign, govern
βασιλειας basileias
βασιλεια basileia: kingdom, dominion
kingdom

theirs.
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
his,

And also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
[to] his

against
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
against

[those of] nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιους Ioudaious
Ιουδαιος / Ιουδαιων Ioudaios / Ioudaiōn: Judean, Jew
the Jews / Judeans

the hostility
απεχτεἱα apechtheia: hatred, hostility
απεχθειας apechtheias
απεχτεἱα apechtheia: hatred, hostility
[his] hatred

[and of] this
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
his

manner
οἱος hoios: manner, kind, nature
υἱος huios
υἱος huios: son
son

the hostile / opposition
αντιξοος antixoos: hostile, opposite, opposition, enemy
Αντιοχος Antiochos
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus [V Eupator]

had disappeared [?].
γιγνομαι gignomai: former, cease to be, disappear
γινεται ginetai
γιγνομαι gignomai: become
became [a heir].

De Bello Judaico 1.40.a

Nobles feign to be commoners & friendly.

Here the text is again suspiciously specific: 50,000 troops, 5,000 chariots, 80 elephants! Why don’t we have a single number about all the other battles & events? It’s all to suit the encryption!

De Bello Judaico 1.41.a

Encrypted: So they brought together then being common & ordinary on the one hand immensely in every way, and friendly & goodly also in all ways in jest, and deceived & tricked also and displayed the opposite through making the nobility & majesty into an irony / assumed appearance / mocked modesty.

Official: So this son brought together then infantry troops on the one hand ten thousand times five, and chariots / riders also five thousand, and elephants also eighty and made an invasion through of Judea into the mountains.

[So they] brought together
συναγω / συναγαγων synagō / synagagōn: bring together
Συναγαγων synagagōn
συναγω / συναγαγων synagō / synagagōn: bring together
[So this son] brought together

then
γουν goun: at least then
γουν goun
γουν goun: at least then
then

[being] common & ordinary
πεζος pezos: prosaic, common, ordinary
πεζων pezōn
πεζος pezos: on foot, walking, infantry
infantry troops

on the one hand
μεν men: on the one hand
μεν men
μεν men: on the one hand
on the one hand

immensely
μυριος myrios: infinite, immense, much
μυριαδας myriadas
μυριας / μυριαδας myrias / myriadas: myriad, ten thousand
ten thousand

in every way,
παντη pantē: in every way, altogether, entirely
πεντε pente
πεντε pente: five
[times] five,

[and] friendly & goodly
ευωπος euōpos: friendly; ευωπις euōpis: fair to look on; ευπ ὑης euphyēs: shapely, goodly
ἱππεις hippeis
ἱππευς hippeus: charioteer, rider; ἱππος hippos: horse
[and] chariots / riders

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
also

in all ways in jest,
πανταcὡς pantachōs: in all ways, altogether; χλευη chleuē: joke, jest
πεντακισχιλιους pentakischilious
πεντακις pentakis: five times; cἱλιοι chilioi: thousand
five thousand,

[and] deceived & tricked
ολοπὡιος olophōios: deceptive, tricky, pernicious; ελεπαἱρομαι / ελεπἡραντο elephairomai / elephēranto: cheat, deceive
ελεφαντας elephantas
ελεπἁς elephas: elephant
[and] elephants

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
also

[and] displayed
εκδεικνυμι / εκδειξονται ekdeiknymi / ekdeixontai: show forth, exhibit, display
ογδοηκοντα ogdoēkonta
ογδοηκοντα ogdoēkonta: eighty; οκτω oktō: eight; δεκα deka: ten
eighty

the opposite
εμπαλιν / εμπαλι empalin / empali: opposite way, contrary to, reverse; εν- en-: in; παλιν palin: opposite
εμβαλλει emballei
εμβαλλω / εμβαλλει emballō / emballei: throw in, attack, invasion
[and] made an invasion

through [making?]
δια dia: through, by aid of, for the sake of
δια dia
δια dia: through, along
through

the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
[of]

nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοια aidoios / aidoia: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδοι aidōs / aidoi: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιας Ioudaias
Ιουδαια / Ιουδαιας Ioudaia / Ioudaias: Judea
Judea

into
εις eis: into, to
εις eis
εις eis: into, to
into

an
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

irony / assumed appearance / mocked modesty.
ειρωνεια / ειρωνειας eirōneia / eirōneias: irony, dissimulation, assumed appearance, mock-modesty
ορεινην oreinēn
ορεινος oreinos: mountainous, hill country
mountains.

De Bello Judaico 1.41.a

When needed, nobles can still show off their power.

De Bello Judaico 1.41.b

Encrypted: As for the expression of being little on the one hand then, as commoners they appeared. In, however, those places & occasions that required an expression of violence where authority & force was the way / of appearance, there the nobility & majesty showed themselves / on the surface / plainly with their power & force.

Official: Beth Tsur on the one hand then, which was a small town, he seized. In, however, a place that was called Beth Zechariah, where narrow was the passage, there Judas met him with his forces.

[As for] the expression [of being] little
πατὁς / πατἡ pathos / pathē: pathos, emotion, expression; αησυρος aēsyros: light as air, small, little
Βηθσουρον Bēthsouron
Βηθσουρα Bēthsoura: Beth Tsur
Beth Tsur

on the one hand
μεν men: on the one hand
μεν men
μεν men: on the one hand
on the one hand

then,
ουν oun: therefore, then
ουν oun
ουν oun: therefore, then
then,

[as] commoners
πολυκοινος / πολυκοινη polykoinos / polykoinē: common to many, common, general
πολιχνην polichnēn
πολιχνη polichnē: fort, small town
[which was] a small town,

[they] appeared.
οραω oraō: see, look, be seen, appear, perceive
αἱρει hairei
αἱρεω haireō: take, seize, take for oneself
he seized.

In,
κατα kata: against, into, upon
κατα kata
κατα kata: against, into, upon
In,

however,
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
however,

[those] places & occasions
τοπος topos: occasion, opportunity
τοπον topon
τοπος topos: place, location
a place

that
ὁς hos: his
ὁς hos
ὁς hos: his
that

required
καλεω / κελειται kaleō / keleitai: invoke, demand, require
καλειται kaleitai
καλεω / κελειται kaleō / keleitai: call, summon
was called

an expression of violence
πατὁς / πατἡ pathos / pathē: pathos, emotion, expression; ζαχρηης zachrēēs: violently, furious, raging
Βεθζαχαρια Bethzacharia
Βεθζαcἁρια Bethzacharia: Beth Zechariah
Beth Zechariah,

[where] authority & force
στἑνος sthenos: strength, might, authority, force
στενης stenēs
στενος stenos: narrow
[where] narrow

was
ειμι / ουσης eimi / ousēs: to be
ουσης ousēs
ειμι / ουσης eimi / ousēs: to be
was

the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
the

way / of appearance,
παροδος parodos: appearance, use stage for performance
παροδου parodou
παροδος parodos: way, passage, entrance
passage,

[there the] nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδας Ioudas
Ιουδας Ioudas: Judas
[there] Judas

showed themselves / on the surface / plainly
επαντἑω epantheō: be upon the surface, show itself, appear plainly
ὑπαντα hypanta
ὑπανταω hypantaō: meet, encounter, occur
met [him]

with
μετα meta: between, among, with
μετα meta
μετα meta: between, among, with
with

their
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
his

power & force.
δυναμις dynamis: power, might, force, forces
δυναμεως dynameōs
δυναμις dynamis: power, might, force, forces
forces.

De Bello Judaico 1.41.b

Body doubles as origin of deception

In former times, rulers already used body doubles as decoys.

This section is about body-doubles, which was a big disappointment for me. I had high hopes for it: The literal text is about Eleazar seeing a person whom he thinks is the king, but it’s not the king. I thought that it might be an encrypted passage about how our visible rulers are not the actual rulers. However, the pun-words didn’t support this. Instead, much of the literal text about a physical attack on the false king applies also to the secret text.

This was a disappointment for me, because using body-doubles against attacks is not spookery, or excessive deception. Rather, it’s a legitimate protection measure, which most subjects would approve of.

Then it dawned on me: The keyword here is πριν prin “formerly”. The spook text describes how “in former times”, rulers were using some simple, legitimate tricks for protection, such as body-doubles. The full-blown, all-out deception then evolved out of these simple measures, as described in paragraph 1.45.

As for the literal text, anyone can see that it’s not true: The noble leader rushes ahead, cuts his way through scores of enemies, and then single-handedly fells the war elephant of an enemy leader. That’s just cheap propaganda!

De Bello Judaico 1.42.a

Encrypted: Before / in former times also when would be visible / seen in full view one of them, for protection & security a pretending / impostor who was a personification to him would catch the sight on the mighty & exalted one as the anointed, and be brought forward also to allow the mighty & marvelous one even to be round about surrounded by lowly / commoners to be arranged.

Official: Before also joined the opposing phalanxes, Eleazar the brother of him Judas caught the sight of the highest of the elephants with a tower also large and set in gold the fortifications were arranged.

Before / in former times
πριν prin: formerly, past, of old, former times
πριν prin
πριν prin: before
Before

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
also

[when would] be visible / seen in full view
συνοπτος synoptos: visible, seen at a glance, in full view; συνοψις synopsis: general view
συναψαι synapsai
συναπτω synaptō: join together
joined

[one of?] them,
ὁ / τας ho / tas: the, he
τας tas
ὁ / τας ho / tas: the, he
the

[for] protection & security
π ὑλαξ phylax: protector; π ὑλαξις phylaxis: security
φαλαγγας phalangas
πἁλανξ phalanx: battle-array
[opposing] phalanxes,

a pretending / impostor
αλαζων / αλαζονος alazōn / alazonos: pretender, charlatan, impostor; αλαζονεια alazoneia: pretension, imposture
Ελεαζαρος Eleazaros
Ελεαζαρος Eleazaros: Eleazar
Eleazar

who
ὁ ho: the, that
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, that
the

was a personification
ειδωλοποιεω / ειδωλοποιης eidōlopoieō / eidōlopoiēs: form an image, personify; ειδωλον eidōlon: image; ποιεω poieō: create, act, pretend
αδελφος adelphos
αδελπὁς adelphos: brother, near kinsman, akin, double, cognate, just like
brother

to him
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
of him [Judas]

[would] catch the sight on
προειδον proeidon: look forward, catch sight of
προιδων proidōn
προειδον proeidon: look forward, catch sight of
caught the sight of

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
the

mighty & exalted [one]
ὑψηλος hypsēlos: mighty, exalted, majestic
ὑψηλοτατον hypsēlotaton
ὑψηλος hypsēlos: high, lofty
highest

[as] the
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] the

anointed,
αλειπὡ / αλειπὁντων aleiphō / aleiphontōn: anoint
ελεφαντων elephantōn
ελεπἁς elephas: elephant
elephants

[and] be brought forward
προαγω proagō: go before, bring forward, precede, advance, promote
πυργω pyrgō
πυργος / πυργω pyrgos / pyrgō: tower
[with] a tower

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

[to allow the] mighty & marvelous [one]
μεγας megas: mighty, marvelous
μεγαλω megalō
μεγας megas: large, great
large

even
και kai: and, also, even
και kai
και kai: and, also, even
and

to be round about [surrounded]
περιcὡρος perichōros: round about, people about
περιχρυσοις perichrysois
περιχρυσος perichrysos: set in gold
set in gold

[by] lowly / commoners
πὁρτικος phortikos: coarse, vulgar, common, low
προτειχισμασι proteichismasi
προτειcἱσμα proteichisma: advanced fortification, outwork
the fortifications

to be arranged.
κοσμεω kosmeō: order, prepare, arrange
κεκοσμημενον kekosmēmenon
κοσμεω kosmeō: order, prepare, arrange
[were] arranged.

De Bello Judaico 1.42.a

Body doubles had protected against attackers.

De Bello Judaico 1.42.b

Encrypted: And if one assumed that in it the crowd an hostile / enemy would be, so he the enemy then would separate and run off from the multitudes and break through the bodyguard troops until he fighting against the anointed he accomplished.

Official: And he assumed / supposed that the man upon it the tower Antiochus would be, so he Eleazar then separated and ran off far ahead and break through the enemy troops until he fighting against the elephant he accomplished.

[And if one] assumed [that]
ὑπολαμβανω hypolambanō: assume, presume, suppose
ὑπολαβων hypolabōn
ὑπολαμβανω hypolambanō: assume, presume, suppose
[And he] assumed / supposed [that]

in
επι epi: in, at, on
επ ep
επι epi: in, at, on
[the man] upon

it [the crowd]
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
it [the tower]

an
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
 

hostile / enemy
αντιξοος antixoos: hostile, opposite, opposition, enemy
Αντιοχον Antiochon
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

[would] be,
ειμι / ειναι eimi / einai: be
ειναι einai
ειμι / ειναι eimi / einai: be
[would] be,

[so] he [the enemy]
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[so] he [Eleazar]

then
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
then

[would] separate
ιδιος idios: one’s own, private, separate
ιδιων idiōn
ιδιος idios: one’s own, private, separate
separated

[and] run off [from]
εκτρεcὡ ektrechō: run off, spring up, make a sally
εκτρεχει ektrechei
εκτρεcὡ ektrechō: run off, spring up, make a sally
[and] ran off

the multitudes
πολυς polys: many, multitude
πολυ poly
πολυς polys: great, far
far [ahead]

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

break through
διακοπτω diakoptō: cut through, break through the enemy’s line
διακοψας diakopsas
διακοπτω diakoptō: cut through, break through the enemy’s line
break through

the
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
το to
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
the

[bodyguard] troops
στιπὁς stiphos: troop of warriors, crowd, groups, masses
στιφος stiphos
στιπὁς stiphos: troop of warriors, crowd, groups, masses
[enemy] troops

[until] he
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[until] he

fighting
πολεμιζω polemizō: fight
πολεμιων polemiōn
πολεμιζω polemizō: fight
fighting

against
επι epi: on, upon, before, against
επι epi
επι epi: on, upon, before, against
against

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
the

anointed
αλειπὡ / αλειπὁντων aleiphō / aleiphontōn: anoint
ελεφαντα elephanta
ελεπἁς elephas: elephant
elephant

[he] accomplished.
διανυω dianyō: accomplish, finish
διηνυσεν diēnysen
διανυω dianyō: accomplish, finish
[he] accomplished.

De Bello Judaico 1.42.b

When rulers are switched for doubles, attackers cannot kill them.

De Bello Judaico 1.43.a

Encrypted: Reaching however in fact him / whom he expected to be the ruler but reaching him not, which also being because of his the impostor’s false spectacle / show, but he being however / still in the spectators among their “belly” he would strike, bringing them down upon himself, and being crushed to death. Not had fully accomplished he the great deed he was devoted to, as was placed resemblance before all to protect the life.

Official: Reaching however in fact him / whom he expected to be the king Antiochus but reaching him not, what also being because of his the rider’s high position, but he however / still of the beast beneath the belly he struck, bringing it down upon himself, and was crushed to death. Not had fully accomplished he the great deed he was devoted to, as he placed glory before all and second his life.

Reaching
επἱκνεομαι ephikneomai: reach at, aim at, hit
εφικεσθαι ephikesthai
επἱκνεομαι ephikneomai: reach at, aim at, hit
Reaching

however
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
however

in fact
ουν oun: certainly, in fact
ουν oun
ουν oun: certainly, in fact
in fact

him / [whom] he
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
him / [whom] he

expected
δοκεω dokeō: expect, suppose
δοκουντος dokountos
δοκεω dokeō: expect, suppose
expected

to be
ειμι / ειναι eimi / einai: be
ειναι einai
ειμι / ειναι eimi / einai: be
to be

the ruler
βασιλευς basileus: king, ruler, lord, noble
βασιλεως basileōs
βασιλευς basileus: king, ruler, lord, noble
the king [Antiochus]

[but reaching him] not,
ου / ουχ ou / ouch: not
ουχ ouch
ου / ουχ ou / ouch: not
[but reaching him] not,

which
οἱος hoios: such as, what sort, manner, kind of
οἱος hoios
οἱος hoios: such as, what sort, manner, kind of
what

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

being
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be
ην ēn
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be
being

because of
δια dia: through, because of
δια dia
δια dia: through, because of
because of

his [the impostor’s]
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
το to
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
his [the rider’s]

[false] spectacle / show,
οψις opsis: sight, image, apparition, spectacle, external show
ὑψος hypsos
ὑψος hypsos: height
high [position],

[but] he [being]
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
[but] he

however / still
δε de: but
δε de
δε de: but
however / still

[in] the
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
το to
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
[of] the

spectators
τἑωρια / τἑωριαν theōria / theōrian: theory, spectacle, viewing; τἑωρος / τἑωρον theōros / theōron: spectator, viewing, be present at
θηριον thērion
τἡριον thērion: animal, beast
beast

among
ὑπο hypo: in, among
ὑπο hypo
ὑπο hypo: under, beneath
beneath

their
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

“belly” [?]
αγcἱστινος agchistinos: close, crowded; αγcἱστηρ agchistēr: bring near, immediate
γαστερα gastera
γαστηρ gastēr: belly
belly

[he] would strike,
πλησσω / πληξας plēssō / plēxas: strike, smite
πληξας plēxas
πλησσω / πληξας plēssō / plēxas: strike, smite
[he] struck,

bringing [them] down upon
επι epi: on, upon; κατασειω kataseiō: throw down, drive headlong
επικατεσεισεν epikateseisen
επι epi: on, upon; κατασειω kataseiō: throw down, drive headlong
bringing [it] down upon

himself,
αυτος autos: self
ἑαυτω heautō
αυτος autos: self
himself,

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

being crushed
συντριβω syntribō: grind, crush
συντριβεις syntribeis
συντριβω syntribō: grind, crush
was crushed

to death.
τελευταω teleutaō: finish, die
ετελευτησεν eteleutēsen
τελευταω teleutaō: finish, die
to death.

Not
μηδεις mēdeis: nobody, naught, not at all
μηδεν mēden
μηδεις mēdeis: nobody, naught, not at all
Not

[had] fully
πλεως pleōs: full
πλεον pleon
πλεως pleōs: full
[had] fully

accomplished
δραω draō: do, accomplish
δρασας drasas
δραω draō: do, accomplish
accomplished

he
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
he

the
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, he
τοις tois
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, he
the

great [deed]
μεγας megas: large, great
μεγαλοις megalois
μεγας megas: large, great
great [deed]

[he was] devoted to,
επιβαλλω epiballō: fall upon, apply oneself, devote oneself
επιβαλεσθαι epibalesthai
επιβαλλω epiballō: fall upon, apply oneself, devote oneself
[he was] devoted to,

[as was] placed
τιτἡμι tithēmi: put, place, set
θεμενος themenos
τιτἡμι tithēmi: put, place, set
[as he] placed

resemblance
εικελος / εικελα eikelos / eikela: like, similar, resembling
ευκλειας eukleias
ευκλεια eukleia: good repute, glory
glory

before [all]
εν en: in, into, before
εν en
εν en: in, into, before
before [all]

to protect
διατηρεω diatēreō: keep, maintain, protect
δευτερω deuterō
δευτερος / δευτερω deuteros / deuterō: second
[and] second

the
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
το to
ὁ / το ho / to: the, he
his

life.
ζαω / ζην zaō / zēn: live, alive
ζην zēn
ζαω / ζην zaō / zēn: live, alive
life.

De Bello Judaico 1.43.a

Even when a body double was killed, it was not the ruler.

Here’s an obvious hint that there’s something wrong with this text: The authors describe in great length how the brave aristocratic leader single-handedly battles his way to the big enemy war elephant — and then they don’t tell us who rode it, just that it was “some commoner”. This is because this wording is needed for the secret text, where they replace the king with a body-double, who is really just “some commoner”.

De Bello Judaico 1.44.a

Encrypted: But he who in fact truly had steered the deception just a commoner & private individual had been. So even if had turned out however to be there an actual enemy, nothing could have fully accomplished he the attacker by daring when he had expected for a false belief without a clear chance of understanding it, as was chosen this cleverness.

Official: But he who in fact truly had steered the elephant just a commoner & private individual had been. And even if had turned out however to be him Antiochus, nothing would have fully accomplished he Eleazar by daring when he had expected for a hope alone of a bright success, that he seized for himself his death.

[But] he who
ὁς / ὁ hos / ho: who, that
ὁ ho
ὁς / ὁ hos / ho: who, that
[But] he who

in fact
γε ge: at least, in fact
γε ge
γε ge: at least, in fact
in fact

truly
μην mēn: surely, truly, absolutely
μην mēn
μην mēn: surely, truly, absolutely
truly

had steered
κυβερναω kybernaō: steer, guide, direct
κυβερνων kybernōn
κυβερναω kybernaō: steer, guide, direct
had steered

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
the

deception
ολοπὡιος olophōios: deceptive, tricky, pernicious; ελεπαἱρομαι / ελεπἡραντο elephairomai / elephēranto: cheat, deceive
ελεφαντα elephanta
ελεπἁς elephas: elephant
elephant

[just a] commoner & private individual
ιδιωτης idiōtēs: idiot, commoner, private person, individual
ιδιωτης idiōtēs
ιδιωτης idiōtēs: idiot, commoner, private person, individual
[just a] commoner & private individual

had been.
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be
ην ēn
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be
had been.

So even
καν kan: and if, even if, although
καν kan
καν kan: and if, even if, although
And even

if
ει ei: if
ει ei
ει ei: if
if

had turned out
συμβαινω symbainō: come out, result, turn out
συνεβη synebē
συμβαινω symbainō: come out, result, turn out
had turned out

however
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
however

to be
ειμι / ειναι eimi / einai: be
ειναι einai
ειμι / ειναι eimi / einai: be
to be

[there?]
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, that
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, that
him

[an actual] enemy,
αντιξοος antixoos: hostile, opposite, opposition, enemy
Αντιοχον Antiochon
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus,

nothing
ουδεις / ουδεν oudeis / ouden: no, none
ουδεν ouden
ουδεις / ουδεν oudeis / ouden: no, none
nothing

[could have] fully
πλεως pleōs: full
πλεον pleon
πλεως pleōs: full
[would have] fully

accomplished
ανυω anyō: effect, accomplish
ηνυσεν ēnysen
ανυω anyō: effect, accomplish
accomplished

he [the attacker]
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
he [Eleazar]

[by] daring
τολμαω tolmaō: dare
τολμησας tolmēsas
τολμαω tolmaō: dare
[by] daring

[when] he
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
[when] he

had expected
δοκεω dokeō: expect, suppose
δοκειν dokein
δοκεω dokeō: expect, suppose
had expected

for
επι epi: on, upon, for
επ ep
επι epi: on, upon, for
for

a [false] belief
ελπις elpis: expectation, believe
ελπιδι elpidi
ελπις elpis: hope
a hope

without
μονος monos: without, bereft of
μονη monē
μονος monos: alone
alone

a clear
λαμπρος lampros: clear, manifest, without concealment
λαμπρου lamprou
λαμπρος lampros: bright, radiant, magnificent
[of a] bright

[chance of] understanding [it],
κατοιδα / κατειδωμεν katoida / kateidōmen: know well, understand, know by sight, recognise
κατορθωματος katorthōmatos
κατορτὡμα katorthōma: success
success,

[as was] chosen
αἱρεω / ἑλεσταἱ haireō / helesthai: seize, take, choose, select
ἑλεσθαι helesthai
αἱρεω / ἑλεσταἱ haireō / helesthai: seize, take, choose, select
[that he] seized for himself

this
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
his

cleverness.
δεινοτης deinotēs: cleverness, shrewdness
θανατον thanaton
τἁνατος thanatos: death
death.

De Bello Judaico 1.44.a

From these body doubles evolved a whole new method of defense.

Here they explain how the rulers went from the above-mentioned simple defensive tricks to all-out deception. This is of course internal propaganda, where the poor, ultra-rich aristocrats are always the driven victims, and have to “defend” against their “hostile” subjects.

The truth is more likely that spookery was mostly driven by insatiable greed: From their position of absolute power & impunity, the ruling aristocrats had invented for themselves ever more ways to loot their helpless subjects: through self-granted monopolies, overtaxing, overpricing, embezzlement, land-grabbing, usury, forced labor, debt-slavery. That was probably what made the subjects “hostile” in the first place. Of course the aristocrats started to lie very often about these things. Gradually, they then developed a system where they’d simply lie about everything all the time, to “defend” their insane corruption.

This secret profiteering is hinted at in Bello Judaico 1.47.b, and also in Genesis 1:2, Genesis 1:11 and Genesis 1:22. It’s stated even openly in Joseph’s story.

De Bello Judaico 1.45.a

Encrypted: So became then also this prevention by likeness & personification an entire mode of preparation & arrangement: Patiently / mastering it indeed yet the nobles & majesties also for a long time changed themselves completely.

Official: So became then also an omen this brother for the entire battle: Staunchly / steadfast indeed yet the Judeans / Jews also for a long time struggled / fought.

[So] became
γιγνομαι gignomai: become
γινεται ginetai
γιγνομαι gignomai: become
[So] became

then
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
then

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
also

[this] prevention
κωλυω / κωλυητον kōlyō / kōlyēton: hinder, prevent
κληδων klēdōn
κληδων klēdōn: omen
an omen

[by] likeness & personification
ειδωλοποιεω / ειδωλοποιης eidōlopoieō / eidōlopoiēs: form an image, personify; ειδωλον eidōlon: image; ποιεω poieō: create, act, pretend
ταδελφω tadelphō
αδελπὁς adelphos: brother, near kinsman, akin, double, cognate, just like
[this] brother

an
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
[for?] the

entire
ὁλος holos: whole, entire
ὁλης holēs
ὁλος holos: whole, entire
entire

[mode of] preparation & arrangement:
παραταξις parataxis: arrangement, conspiracy, intrigue, preparatory disposition
παραταξεως parataxeōs
παραταξις parataxis: marshaling, line of battle
battle:

Patiently / mastering it
καρτερος karteros: patient, in control of, master of
καρτερως karterōs
καρτερος karteros: strong, staunch, steadfast
Staunchly / steadfast

indeed
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
indeed

yet
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
γαρ gar
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
yet

the
ὁ / οἱ ho / hoi: the, he
οἱ hoi
ὁ / οἱ ho / hoi: the, he
the

nobles & majesties
αιδοιος / αιδοιοι aidoios / aidoioi: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδοι aidōs / aidoi: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιοι Ioudaioi
Ιουδαιος / Ιουδαιων Ioudaios / Ioudaiōn: Judean, Jew
Judeans / Jews

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
also

for
μεχρι mechri: as far as, until
μεχρι mechri
μεχρι mechri: as far as, until
for

a long time
πολυς polys: much, far, long time
πολλου pollou
πολυς polys: much, far, long time
a long time

changed [themselves] completely.
δια dia: throughout, completely; κινεω / κινησομαι kineō / kinēsomai: move, change, innovate
διηγωνισαντο diēgōnisanto
διαγωνιζομαι diagōnizomai: contend, struggle, fight
struggled / fought.

De Bello Judaico 1.45.a

Nobles learned how to rule entirely by tricks & mockery.

De Bello Judaico 1.45.b

Encrypted: The multitudes then were warded off by the royals, and also by cleverness using wiles & tricks they ruled. So that / then the multitudes looked at a mockery controlled & worn by the nobles & majesties, and into this show the rulers fled.

Official: In numbers / people however, were superior the royal forces and also by fortunate / right circumstances being subject to chance / fortune / fate the royal forces prevailed / gained the upper hand. When also many were destroyed / killed, the remainder / rest had / held with him Judas, and into the Gophna district he fled.

The multitudes
πλητὁς plēthos: great number, people, crowd, multitude
πληθει plēthei
πλητὁς plēthos: great number, people, crowd, multitude
In numbers / people

then
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
however,

were warded off
ὑπερεcὡ hyperechō: outdo, supreme; επαρκεω eparkeō: ward off, prevent
ὑπερεχοντες hyperechontes
ὑπερεcὡ hyperechō: be above, exceed, superior
[were] superior

[by] the
ὁ / οἱ ho / hoi: the, he
οἱ hoi
ὁ / οἱ ho / hoi: the, he
the

royals,
βασιλικος basilikos: royal, kingly
βασιλικοι basilikoi
βασιλικος basilikos: royal, kingly
royal [forces]

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

[by] cleverness
δεξιος dexios: dexterous, skilful, clever, shrewd
δεξια dexia
δεξιος dexios: right, able, fortunate
[by] fortunate / right [circumstances]

using
χραω / χρησαμενοι chraō / chrēsamenoi: use, proclaim, attack, subject to
χρησαμενοι chrēsamenoi
χραω / χρησαμενοι chraō / chrēsamenoi: use, proclaim, attack, subject to
being subject to [?]

wiles & tricks
τεχνη technē: craft, art, cunning, wiles, scheme, trick
τυχη tychē
τυcἡ tychē: act, fate, chance, fortune
chance / fortune / fate

[they] ruled.
κρατεω krateō: seize, hold, rule, command
κρατουσι kratousi
κρατεω krateō: prevail, gain the upper hand
[the royal forces] prevailed / gained the upper hand.

[So] that / then
και kai: and, also, that, then
και kai
και kai: and, also, that, then
[When] also

the multitudes
πολυς polys: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολλων pollōn
πολυς polys: many
many

looked at
ενοραω / ενορει enoraō / enorei: see, look at, observe, behold
αναιρεθεντων anairethentōn
αναιρεω / αναιρει anaireō / anairei: take up, make away with, destroy, kill
[were] destroyed / killed,

a
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
the

mockery
λωβευω / λωβευεις lōbeuō / lōbeueis: mock, make a mock of; λωβη / λωβαις lōbē / lōbais: outrage, disgrace
λοιπους loipous
λοιπος loipos: remaining, rest
remainder / rest

controlled & worn
εcὡ echō: have control of, enclose, sustain, bear, wear
εχων echōn
εcὡ echō: have, hold, possess
had / held [with him]

[by the] nobles & majesties,
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδας Ioudas
Ιουδας Ioudas: Judas
Judas,

[and] into
εις eis: into
εις eis
εις eis: into
[and] into

this
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the
the

show
εκπαἱνω ekphainō: show, exhibit, appear
Γοφνιτικην gophnitikēn
Γοφνα Gophna: Gophna
Gophna

the rulers
τοπαρcἡς toparchēs: toparch, prince, ruler
τοπαρχιαν toparchian
τοπαρcἱα toparchia: district of a toparch
district

fled.
πεὑγω pheugō: flee, escape, be safe from
φευγει pheugei
πεὑγω pheugō: flee, escape, be safe from
[he] fled.

De Bello Judaico 1.45.b

Religion as a disguise

Nobles pass into a religious disguise.

De Bello Judaico 1.46.a

Encrypted: For being opposite & contrary then they passed unnoticed into a religious cover, and also created for the oligarchs a means of prosperity & convenience in it, against being truthful.

Official: Antiochus then passed by into Jerusalem, and also set up camp for a few days in it, against lack of provisions.

[For being] opposite & contrary
αντιξοος antixoos: adverse, opposite, contrary
Αντιοχος Antiochos
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

then
δια dia: by, through
δε de
δε de: and, but, then
then

[they] passed unnoticed
παρερcὁμαι / παρελτὡν parerchomai / parelthōn: pass unnoticed, escape notice, outwit, elude
παρελθων parelthōn
παρερcὁμαι / παρελτὡν parerchomai / parelthōn: go by, pass
passed [by]

into
εις eis: into
εις eis
εις eis: into
into

a religious cover,
ἱερος hieros: divine, holy, religious; ειλυμα eilyma: wrapper, envelope, cover
Ἱεροσολυμα Ierosoluma
Ιεροσολυμα Ierosoluma: Jerusalem
Jerusalem,

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

created
κτιζω ktizō: found, plant, build, create
καθισας kathisas
κατἱζω kathizō: seat, set up, settle
set up [camp]

[for] the oligarchs
ολιγος / ολιγοι oligos / oligoi: the few, governing body in oligarchies
ολιγας oligas
ολιγος oligos: little, small, few
[for] a few

[a means of] prosperity & convenience
ευημερεω / ευημερος euēmereō / euēmeros: prosper, succeed; ευμαρης eumarēs: easy, convenient
ἡμερας hēmeras
ἡμερα hēmera: day
days

in
εν en: in, into
εν en
εν en: in, into
in

it,
αυτος autos: self
αυτη autē
αυτος autos: self
it,

against
κατα kata: against, into, upon
κατα kata
κατα kata: against, into, upon
against

being truthful.
σαπἡνης saphēnēs: clear, obvious, evident, manifest, truthful, plain truth
σπανιν spanin
σπανις spanis: scarcity, lack, rare
lack [of provisions].

De Bello Judaico 1.46.a

When leaving the disguise, nobles leave a backup cover.

De Bello Judaico 1.46.b

Encrypted: And whenever they saw fit to depart from it they left behind of course a show as much as sufficient they presumed, and they then made a mockery of their power by diverting into being tamed & softened in this view.

Official: And when he saw fit to depart from it he left behind of course a guard as much as sufficient he presumed, and he then the remaining / rest of his forces he led away to pass the winter in Syria.

[And whenever?] they
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[And when?] he

[saw] fit
επιτηδειος epitēdeios: fit, suitable
επιτηδειων epitēdeiōn
επιτηδειος epitēdeios: fit, suitable
[saw] fit

to depart [from it]
απανιστημι apanistēmi: send away, get up and go, depart
απανισταται apanistatai
απανιστημι apanistēmi: send away, get up and go, depart
to depart [from it]

[they] left behind
καταλειπω / καταλιπων kataleipō / katalipōn: leave behind, leave alone
καταλιπων katalipōn
καταλειπω / καταλιπων kataleipō / katalipōn: leave behind, leave alone
[he] left behind

of course
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
of course

a show
παρεcὡ / παρεcοἱς parechō / parechois: present, show, display, exhibit
φρουραν phrouran
φρουρα phroura: guard, garrison
a guard

as much as
ὁσος hosos: as much as, how much
ὁσην hosēn
ὁσος hosos: as much as, how much
as much as

sufficient
αποχραω apochraō: suffice, be sufficient, be enough
αποχρησειν apochrēsein
αποχραω apochraō: suffice, be sufficient, be enough
sufficient

[they] presumed,
ὑπολαμβανω hypolambanō: assume, presume, suppose
ὑπελαμβανε hypelambane
ὑπολαμβανω hypolambanō: assume, presume, suppose
[he] presumed,

[and] they
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
[and] he

then
δε de: and, but, then
δε de
δε de: and, but, then
then

made a mockery
λωβευω / λωβευεις lōbeuō / lōbeueis: mock, make a mock of
λοιπην loipēn
λοιπος loipos: remaining, rest
the remaining / rest

[of their] power
δυναμις dynamis: power, might, force, forces
δυναμιν dynamin
δυναμις dynamis: power, might, force, forces
[of his] forces

[by] diverting
απαγω apagō: reduce, lead away, divert from the subject
απαγαγων apagagōn
απαγω apagō: carry off, lead away
[he] led away

[into being] tamed & softened
εξημεροω exēmeroō: tame, soften, humanize
χειμεριουσαν cheimeriousan
cεἱμεριζω cheimerizō: pass the winter
to pass the winter

in
εις eis: into
εις eis
εις eis: into
in

this
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
 

view.
εισοραω eisoraō: look, view, behold, perceive
Συριαν Syrian
Συρια Syria: Syria
Syria.

De Bello Judaico 1.46.b

Nobles did not invent religion, but loafers had used it before.

Here the text says that the rulers did not invent religion. That is also my conclusion: Religion is much older than spookery. The text then claims that people from the lower classes also took on a religious cover when they didn’t want to do any hard work. I assume that’s also true, but the same can be said about all administrative institutions, especially government: When for someone’s task the results cannot be seen, and outsiders depend on him explaining it to them, then such a position will always attract many fraudsters.

De Bello Judaico 1.47.a

Encrypted: In regard to also this retreat of the rulers, those of nobility & majesty did not invent it. Attached themselves to it also from the lower classes many, and also those who were afraid from hardship & hard work they combined in this muzzle mask / veil of religion to unite.

Official: In regard to also this retreat of the king, Judas did not rest. Attached themselves to him also from his tribe / country many, and also those who had come through from the battle he combined in the village Adasa to unite.

In regard to
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
Προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
In regard to

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
also

this
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
this

retreat
ὑποcὡρησις hypochōrēsis: retirement, retreat
ὑποχωρησιν hypochōrēsin
ὑποcὡρησις hypochōrēsis: retirement, retreat
retreat

[of] the
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
[of] the

rulers,
βασιλευς basileus: king, ruler, lord, noble
βασιλεως basileōs
βασιλευς basileus: king, ruler, lord, noble
king,

[those of] nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδας Ioudas
Ιουδας Ioudas: Judas
Judas

[did] not
ου / ουκ ou / ouk: not
ουκ ouk
ου / ουκ ou / ouk: not
[did] not

invent [it] [!!!].
εὑρημα heurēma: invention, discovery
ηρεμει ēremei
ηρεμεω ēremeō: be still, keep quiet, be at rest
rest.

Attached themselves [to it]
προσγιγνομαι prosgignomai: attach oneself to
προσγενομενων prosgenomenōn
προσγιγνομαι prosgignomai: attach oneself to
Attached themselves [to him]

also
δε de: and, but
δ d
δε de: and, but
also

from
εκ ek: from, out of
εκ ek
εκ ek: from, out of
from

the
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
his

[lower] classes
εθνος ethnos: class, caste
εθνους ethnous
εθνος ethnos: tribe, family, country
tribe / country

many,
πολυς polys: much, many
πολλων pollōn
πολυς polys: much, many
many,

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

those [who]
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
those [who]

were afraid
δυσοιζω dysoizō: distressed, fear, tremble
διασωθεντας diasōthentas
διασωζω diasōzō: come safe through, recover
had come through

from
εκ ek: from, out of
εκ ek
εκ ek: from, out of
from

 
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
the

hardship & hard work
μοχτὁς mochthos: toils, hardships, hard work, labor; μογος mogos: toil, labor
μαχης machēs
μαcἡ / μαcἡς machē / machēs: battle, combat
battle

[they] combined
επισυνκροτεω episynkroteō: combine
επισυγκροτησας episynkrotēsas
επισυνκροτεω episynkroteō: combine
[he] combined

in
κατα kata: against, into, upon
κατα kata
κατα kata: against, into, upon
in

[this] muzzle [mask / veil?]
κημος / κημω kēmos / kēmō: muzzle, funnel shaped top, cloth for cover
κωμην kōmēn
κωμη kōmē: unwalled village
the village

of religion
εκτεἱαζω / εκτεἱασαν ektheiazō / ektheiasan: matter of religion
Ακεδασαν akedasan
Αδασα / Ακεδασαν Adasa / Akedasan: Adasa
Adasa

to unite.
συμβαλλω symballō: come together, join, unite
συμβαλλει symballei
συμβαλλω symballō: come together, join, unite
to unite.

De Bello Judaico 1.47.a

The disguises increased success & prosperity of the oligarchs.

De Bello Judaico 1.47.b

Encrypted: As for being the opposite & contrary of actual rulers then this was the appearance for the noblest in this remedy, and of the multitudes also the hostility & opposition was destroyed. And was raised also along with it the prospering & convenience of the oligarchs, when a pretended image of them which was kind & gentle was substituted secretly for them, and for defensive purposes they accomplished this.

Official: To Antiochus’ generals then he revealed himself, and was the best / bravest in the battle, and many also of the enemy he slayed. But he was killed also after days a few, when the brother of him Ioannes had plotted against towards him, and for Antiochus’ purposes he accomplished this.

[As for]
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, he
τοις tois
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, he
[To]

[being the] opposite & contrary
αντιξοος antixoos: adverse, opposite, contrary
Αντιοχου Antiochou
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus’

[of actual] rulers
στρατηγος stratēgos: leader, governor
στρατηγοις stratēgois
στρατηγος stratēgos: general
generals

then
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
then

[this was the] appearance
παἱνω / παἱνεις phainō / phaineis: reveal, appear, show
φανεις phaneis
παἱνω / παἱνεις phainō / phaineis: reveal, appear, show
[he] revealed himself,

[for the] noblest
αριστος aristos: best in birth and rank, noblest
αριστος aristos
αριστος aristos: best, bravest
[and was?] the best / bravest

in
κατα kata: against, into, upon
κατα kata
κατα kata: against, into, upon
in

this
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

remedy,
μηcὁς / μηcἡ mēchos / mēchē: means, expedient, remedy
μαχην machēn
μαcἡ machē: battle, combat
battle,

[and of] the multitudes
πολυς polys: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολλους pollous
πολυς polys: much, many
[and] many

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

the
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] the

hostility & opposition
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
πολεμιων polemiōn
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
enemy

was destroyed.
αποκτεινω apokteinō: kill, slay, destroy
αποκτεινας apokteinas
αποκτεινω apokteinō: kill, slay, destroy
[he] slayed.

[And] was raised
ενοραω / ενορει enoraō / enorei: see, look at, observe, behold
αναιρειται anaireitai
αναιρεω / αναιρει anaireō / anairei: take up, raise, make away with, destroy, kill
[But he was] killed

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
also

along with [it]
μετα meta: after, with, by aid of, along with
μεθ meth
μετα meta: after
after

the prospering & convenience
ευημερεω / ευημερος euēmereō / euēmeros: prosper, succeed; ευμαρης eumarēs: easy, convenient
ἡμερας hēmeras
ἡμερα / ἡμερας hēmera / hēmeras: day
days

of the oligarchs,
ολιγος / ολιγοι oligos / oligoi: the few, governing body in oligarchies
ολιγας oligas
ολιγος oligos: little, small, few
a few,

[when] a
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
[when] the

pretended image
ειδωλοποιεω / ειδωλοποιης eidōlopoieō / eidōlopoiēs: form an image, personify; ειδωλον eidōlon: image; ποιεω poieō: create, act, pretend
αδελφος adelphos
αδελπὁς adelphos: brother, near kinsman, akin, double, cognate, just like
brother

of them
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
of him

[which was] kind & gentle
ενηης enēēs: kind, gentle; ευνους eunous: well-minded, kindly, friendly
Ιωαννης iōannēs
Ιωαννης Iōannēs: Ioannes, John
Ioannes

was substituted
ὑποβολη hypobolē: substitution by stealth, substitution of false things
επιβουλευθεις epibouleutheis
επιβουλευω epibouleuō: plan to do, plan against, plot against
had plotted against

secretly [for]
ὑπο hypo: underhand, secretly, unnoticed
ὑπο hypo
ὑπο hypo: beneath, with, towards
towards [?]

them,
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
him,

[and for?]
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
τα ta
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
[and for?]

defensive
αντεcὡ / αντεcοἱς antechō / antechois: resist, withstand, endure, hold against, defend
Αντιοχου Antiochou
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus’

purposes
φρονεω phroneō: mean, intend, purpose
φρονουντων phronountōn
φρονεω phroneō: mean, intend, purpose
purposes

[they] accomplished [this].
τελευταω teleutaō: accomplish
τελευτα teleuta
τελευταω teleutaō: accomplish
[he] accomplished [this].

De Bello Judaico 1.47.b

Rulers feign innocence & friendliness.

De Bello Judaico 1.48.a

Encrypted: And took the place / in turn then here this created image of being innocent & guiltless and they also in other regards to the subjects through safeguards commanded they, and also they with words were friendly,

Official: And succeeded then here his brother Jonathan, and he also in other regards to the natives of the country through caution commanded he, and also he with the Romans made friendship,

[And] took the place / in turn
διαδεcὁμαι diadechomai: take his place, relieve, act for, in turns
Διαδεξαμενος diadexamenos
διαδεcὁμαι diadechomai: receive in turn, succeed
[And] succeeded

then
δε de: and, but, then
δε de
δε de: and, but, then
then

here
οὑτος / τουτον houtos / touton: this, here, the latter
τουτον touton
οὑτος / τουτον houtos / touton: this, here, the latter
here

this
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
his

created image
ειδωλοποιεω / ειδωλοποιης eidōlopoieō / eidōlopoiēs: form an image, personify; ειδωλον eidōlon: image; ποιεω poieō: create, act, pretend
αδελφος adelphos
αδελπὁς adelphos: brother, near kinsman, akin, double, cognate, just like
brother

[of being] innocent & guiltless
αναιτιος anaitios: innocent, blameless, guiltless, not responsible, not the cause
Ιωναθης Iōnathēs
Ιωνατἡς Iōnathēs: Ionathan, Jonathan
Jonathan,

[and] they
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
τα ta
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
[and] he

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

[in] other
αλλος / αλλα allos / alla: other, another, different
αλλα alla
αλλος / αλλα allos / alla: other, another, different
[in] other

regards to
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
regards to

the
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
the

subjects
ὑποcεἱριος hypocheirios: subject, subordinate, under control
επιχωριους epichōrious
επιcὡριος epichōrios: native, of the country, national
natives of the country

through
δια dia: between, among, through, by
δια dia
δια dia: between, among, through, by
through

safeguards
π ὑλακη phylakē: precaution, safeguard, defence
φυλακης phylakēs
π ὑλακη phylakē: caution, circumspection
caution

commanded
αγω agō: lead, guide, command
ηγεν ēgen
αγω agō: lead, guide, command
commanded

they,
αυτος autos: self
ἑαυτον heauton
αυτος autos: self
he,

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

they
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
τη
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
he

with
προς pros: against, unto, with
προς pros
προς pros: against, unto, with
with

words
ῥημα / ῥηματος rhēma / rhēmatos: word, saying; ῥεω / ῥεομενος rheō / rheomenos: utter, speak, say
Ῥωμαιους Rhōmaious
Ῥωμαιος Rhōmaios: Roman
the Romans

were friendly,
πἱλιος philios: friendly
φιλια philia
πἱλιος philios: friendly
made friendship,

De Bello Judaico 1.48.a

Rulers invent controlled opposition

Rulers start to control their own opposition.

De Bello Judaico 1.48.b

Encrypted: and they began to control also the hostile / opposition as a game / played / in jest interchanged in pretense. Yet not even anything of this was enough for themselves in regard to their security.

Official: and he began to consolidate with also Antiochus the son a truce he made. Yet not even anything of this was enough for himself in regard to his security.

[and] they
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
[and] he

began
αρcὡ archō: begin
αρχην archēn
αρcὡ archō: begin
began

to control
κρατεω krateō: rule, control, command, become master of, get possession of
εκρατυνατο ekratynato
κρατυνω kratynō: strengthen, confirm, consolidate
to consolidate

 
προς pros: against, unto, among, with
προς pros
προς pros: against, unto, among, with
with

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
 

hostile / opposition
αντιξοος antixoos: hostile, opposite, opposition, enemy
Αντιοχου Antiochou
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

[as] a game / played / in jest
παιδια paidia: childish play, sport, game, spectacle, done in fun, jesting
παιδα paida
παις / παιδα pais / paida: son
the son

interchanged
διαλλαγη diallagē: difference, change, interchange
διαλλαγας diallagas
διαλλαγη diallagē: reconciliation, truce
a truce

in pretense.
ποιεω / εποιησατο poieō / epoiēsato: pretend
εποιησατο epoiēsato
ποιεω / εποιησατο poieō / epoiēsato: make
[he] made.

[Yet] not
ου ou: not
ου ou
ου ou: not
[Yet] not

even
μην mēn: surely, yet truly, not even
μην mēn
μην mēn: surely, yet truly, not even
even

anything
τις / τι tis / ti: something, anything
τι ti
τις / τι tis / ti: something, anything
anything

[of] this
οὑτος houtos: this
τουτων toutōn
οὑτος houtos: this
[of] this

was enough
αρκεω arkeō: suffice, enough, satisfy
ηρκεσεν ērkesen
αρκεω arkeō: suffice, enough, satisfy
was enough

[for] themselves
αυτος autos: self
αυτω autō
αυτος autos: self
[for] himself

in regard to
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
in regard to

[their] security.
ασπἁλεια asphaleia: security, surety
ασφαλειαν asphaleian
ασπἁλεια asphaleia: security, surety
[his] security.

De Bello Judaico 1.48.b

Trusted servants betray the nobility, make their secrets known.

As in Genesis 6:1 and Genesis 11:2, the text claims here that the secret betrayal of the rulers had been found out before by their subjects. These texts are only generic parables, but I believe this also happened many times in real history. That’s very encouraging, because it means that the rulers are not beyond detection. Apparently though, the rulers were always able to make this knowledge disappear among the subjects over the following generations, that’s why almost no outsider knows it today. The given solution is different in each text. Here, it’s improved signalling (1.49.b), and controlled opposition (1.51.a).

De Bello Judaico 1.49.a

Encrypted: For those henchmen of the royals who entrusted yet had been to being opposition as a game / played / in jest, they plotted also against them, and also before to remove the deceit of them they tried, as were brought the signs with dealings into knowledge & talk among the actual hostile / opposition, and the slaves & subjects understood them and learned about them.

Official: For Tryphon, the tyrant, who guardian yet was to Antiochus the son, he plotted also against him, and also before to remove / kill the friends of him he tried, as was brought Ionathan with few people into the city Ptolemaida to Antiochus, and with tricks / deceit / wiles he got hold of him and bound him.

[For those] henchmen
τἑραπων therapōn: attendant, henchman, squire, servant, slave
Τρυφων Tryphōn
Τρυπὡν Tryphōn: Tryphon
[For] Tryphon,

 
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
γαρ gar
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
 

[of] the
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
the

royals
τυραννος tyrannos: tyrant, absolute ruler, kingly, royal
τυραννος tyrannos
τυραννος tyrannos: tyrant, absolute ruler, kingly, royal
tyrant,

[who] entrusted
επιτρεπω epitrepō: entrust, permit, allow; επιτρεπὡ epitrephō: support, maintain
επιτροπος epitropos
επιτροπος epitropos: administrator, governor, viceroy, guardian
[who] guardian

yet
μεν men: indeed, of course, yet, but
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, yet, but
yet

had been
ειμι / ων eimi / ōn: be
ων ōn
ειμι / ων eimi / ōn: be
was

[to]
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
[to]

[being] opposition
αντιξοος antixoos: adverse, opposite, opposition, contrary
Αντιοχου Antiochou
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

[as] a game / played / in jest,
παιδια / παιδιας paidia / paidias: childish play, sport, game, spectacle, done in fun, jesting
παιδος paidos
παις / παιδος pais / paidos: son
the son,

[they] plotted
επιβουλευω epibouleuō: plan to do, plan against, plot against
επιβουλευων epibouleuōn
επιβουλευω epibouleuō: plan to do, plan against, plot against
[he] plotted

also
δε de: and, but
δ d
δε de: and, but
also

[against] them,
αυτος autos: self
αυτω autō
αυτος autos: self
[against] him,

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

before
προστἑν prosthen: before
προσθεν prosthen
προστἑν prosthen: before
before

to remove
αποσκευαζω aposkeuazō: get rid of, make away with, remove, kill
αποσκευαζεσθαι aposkeuazesthai
αποσκευαζω aposkeuazō: get rid of, make away with, remove, kill
to remove / kill

the
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
the

deceit
πἡλος phēlos: deceitful; πἡλοω / πἡλωσας phēloō / phēlōsas: cheat, deceive
φιλους philous
πἱλος philos: friend
friends

[of] them
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
[of] him

[they] tried,
πειραω peiraō: test, try
πειρωμενος peirōmenos
πειραω peiraō: test, try
[he] tried,

[as] were brought
ἡκω / ἡκοντα hēkō / hēkonta: have come, be brought, be present
ἡκοντα hēkonta
ἡκω / ἡκοντα hēkō / hēkonta: have come, be brought, be present
[as] was brought

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
 

signs
εννευω / εννευτἑν enneuō / enneuthen: make signs, ask by signs
Ιωναθην Iōnathēn
Ιωνατἡς Iōnathēs: Ionathan, Jonathan
Ionathan

with
συν syn: with
συν syn
συν syn: with
with

dealings
συναλλαγη synallagē: interchange, commerce, dealings
ολιγοις oligois
ολιγος oligos: little, small, few
few [people]

into
εις eis: into
εις eis
εις eis: into
into

knowledge & talk
πολυματἡς polymathēs: having learnt much, knowing much; πολυμυτὁς polymythos: of many words, wordy, much talked of
Πτολεμαιδα Ptolemaida
Πτολεμαιδα Ptolemaida: Ptolemaida
[the city] Ptolemaida

among
προς pros: for, of, because of, for intent, near to, among
προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to, in regard to
to

the [actual] hostile / opposition,
αντιξοος antixoos: hostile, opposite, opposition, enemy
Αντιοχον Antiochon
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus,

[and the] slaves & subjects
δουλος doulos: bondman, slave, servile, subject
δολω dolō
δολος dolos: trick, deceit, wiles
[and with] tricks / deceit / wiles

understood [them]
συλλαμβανω syllambanō: comprehend, understand
συλλαμβανει syllambanei
συλλαμβανω syllambanō: take hold of, seize
[he] got hold of [him]

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

learned [about them].
δαω / δεδαες daō / dedaes: learn, teach, know
δησας dēsas
δεω / δησας deō / dēsas: bind, tie
bound [him].

De Bello Judaico 1.49.a

Nobles need to invent a new signaling by signs.

The signalling mentioned in this section is supposed to prevent a discovery of the rulers’ betrayal, like it had apparently happened before.

De Bello Judaico 1.49.b

Encrypted: But then upon those of nobility & majesty was laid a cover and then it was smoothed over by signaling who was just a personification of innocence & blamelessness, and against the slaves & inferiors was built and perfected the signaling by signs.

Official: And then upon the Judeans / Jews he advanced, but then he was driven away by Simon who was the brother of Ionathan, and in the face of this defeat he was angered and killed Ionathan.

[But then] upon
επι epi: on, upon
επι epi
επι epi: on, upon
[And then] upon

[those of] nobility & majesty
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιαν Ioudaian
Ιουδαια / Ιουδαιαν Ioudaia / Ioudaian: Judea
the Judeans / Jews

was laid a cover
στρωτος / στρωται strōtos / strōtai: spread, laid, covered
στρατευει strateuei
στρατευω / στρατευει strateuō / strateuei: advance with an army, wage war
[he] advanced,

[and] then
ειτα eita: then, next
ειτ eit
ειτα eita: then, next
[but] then

[it was] smoothed over
επιλεαινω epileainō: smooth over, make plausible
απελαθεις apelatheis
απελαυνω apelaunō: drive away
[he was] driven away

by
ὑπο hypo: beneath, with, through, by
ὑπο hypo
ὑπο hypo: beneath, with, through, by
by

 
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
 

signaling
σημειον sēmeion: sign, mark, signal; σημαινω sēmainō: show, indicate, give signs, make signal
Σιμωνος Simōnos
Σιμων Simōn: Simon
Simon

who
ὁς hos: who, which, that
ὁς hos
ὁς hos: who, which, that
who

was
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be
ην ēn
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be
was

[just] a personification
ειδωλοποιεω / ειδωλοποιης eidōlopoieō / eidōlopoiēs: form an image, personify; ειδωλον eidōlon: image; ποιεω poieō: create, act, pretend
αδελφος adelphos
αδελπὁς adelphos: brother, near kinsman, akin, double, cognate, just like
the brother

[of]
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
[of]

innocence & blamelessness,
αναιτιος anaitios: innocent, blameless, guiltless, not responsible, not the cause
Ιωναθου Iōnathou
Ιωνατἡς Iōnathēs: Ionathan, Jonathan
Ionathan,

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

against
προς pros: against
προς pros
προς pros: to, in answer to, in face of
in the face of

the
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
this

slaves & inferiors [?]
ἡσσων / ἡσσω / ἡττω hēssōn / hēssō / hēttō: inferior, slave; ετεος / ετεον eteos / eteon: true, in reality
ἡτταν hēttan
ἡσσα / ἡττα hēssa / hētta: defeat
defeat

[was] built
εργαζομαι ergazomai: make, build, do, perform, accomplish
ωργισμενος ōrgismenos
οργιζω orgizō: anger, irritate
[he was] angered

[and] perfected
κατανυω katanyō: bring to an end, accomplish, arrive at
κτεινει kteinei
κτεινω kteinō: kill, slay
[and] killed

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
 

signaling by signs.
εννευω / εννευτἑν enneuō / enneuthen: make signs, ask by signs
Ιωναθην Iōnathēn
Ιωνατἡς Iōnathēs: Ionathan, Jonathan
Ionathan.

De Bello Judaico 1.49.b

Nobles signal their deeds, riches, relations, fame.

De Bello Judaico 1.50.a

Encrypted: So signaled also the noble / high-born leaders their deeds / facts / screens / defenses. They wore yet their riches and also their marriage relations and also their fame in this resemblance.

Official: Simon however / still in a noble way led the affairs. He took yet Gazara, and also Joppa, and also Jamnia in the neighborhood.

[So] signaled
σημειον sēmeion: sign, mark, signal; σημαινω sēmainō: show, indicate, give signs, make signal
Σιμων Simōn
Σιμων Simōn: Simon
Simon

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
however / still

the noble / high-born
γενναιος gennaios: noble, high-born
γενναιως gennaiōs
γενναιος gennaios: noble, high-born
in a noble way

leaders
απἡγεομαι aphēgeomai: lead the way, be leader
αφηγουμενος aphēgoumenos
απἡγεομαι aphēgeomai: lead the way, be leader
led

their
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
the

deeds / facts / screens / defenses.
φραγμα phragma: screen, fence, defence
πραγματων pragmatōn
πραγμα pragma: deed, act, fact
affairs.

[They] wore
αειρω aeirō: take up, bear, wear
αἱρει hairei
αἱρεω haireō: seize, take, choose, select
[He] took

yet
μεν men: indeed, of course, yet, but
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, yet, but
yet

[their] riches
γαζα gaza: treasure, great riches
Γαζαρα Gazara
Γαζαρα Gazara: Gazara
Gazara,

and
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
and

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
also

[their] marriage [relations]
οπυιω opuiō: marry, wedded, take to wife
Ιοππην Ioppēn
Ιοππη Ioppē: Joppa, Jaffa
Joppa,

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

[their] fame
ὑμνεω / ὑμνειτω / ὑμνεοιεν hymneō / hymneitō / hymneoien: hymn, celebrate, commemorate, famous
Ιαμνειαν Iamneian
Ιαμνειθ / Ιαμνειαν Iamneith / Iamneian: Jamnia, Jabnith
Jamnia

[in] this
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[in] the

resemblance.
προσεοικα proseoika: be like, resemble, seem
προσοικων prosoikōn
προσοικος prosoikos: neighboring, dwelling near
neighborhood.

De Bello Judaico 1.50.a

Nobles control the show, pretend to join the opposition.

De Bello Judaico 1.50.b

Encrypted: They mocked then also having no power & authority while the show they controlled. They then became also even to the opposition an ally in show, to whom in show in front of them against their own rulership they campaigned in jest.

Official: He razed then also the citadel and the garrison he seized. He then became also to Antiochus an ally against Tryphon, whom in Dora before his against the Medes the campaign he besieged.

[They] mocked
κατασκωπτω kataskōptō: joke, jeer, mock
κατεσκαψε kateskapse
κατασκαπτω kataskaptō: dig down, raze to the ground
[He] razed

then
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
then

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
also

 
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

having no power & authority
ακυρος / ακυρεων akyros / akyreōn: without authority, having no power
ακραν akran
ακρα / ακραν akra / akran: castle, citadel
citadel

[while] the
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[and] the

show
παρεcὡ / παρεcὡν parechō / parechōn: present, show, display, exhibit
φρουρων phrourōn
φρουρα / φρουρων phroura / phrourōn: guard, garrison
garrison

[they] controlled.
κρατεω krateō: command, control, rule
κρατησας kratēsas
κρατεω krateō: seize, hold
[he] seized.

They
αυτος autos: self
αυθις authis
αυτος autos: self
He

then
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
then

became
γιγνομαι gignomai: become
γινεται ginetai
γιγνομαι gignomai: become
became

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
also

[even to] the opposition
αντιξοος antixoos: hostile, opposite, opposition, enemy
Αντιοχω Antiochō
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
[to] Antiochus

an ally
συμμαcὁς symmachos: ally, allied with
συμμαχος symmachos
συμμαcὁς symmachos: ally, allied with
an ally

in
κατα kata: against, into, upon
κατα kata
κατα kata: against, into, upon
against

show [?],
τρεπω / τρεπων trepō / trepōn: turn, change, show best side
Τρυφωνος Tryphōnos
Τρυπὡν Tryphōn: Tryphon
Tryphon,

[to] whom
ὁς / ὁν hos / hon: who, which, that
ὁν hon
ὁς / ὁν hos / hon: who, which, that
whom

in
εν en: in, on, at
εν en
εν en: in, on, at
in

show
τἑωρια theōria: sight, show, spectacle
Δωροις Dōrois
Δωρα Dōra: Dora, Adora, Adoraim
Dora

in front
προ pro: before, in front
προ pro
προ pro: before, in front
before

[of] them
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
his

against
επι epi: on, upon, against
επι epi
επι epi: on, upon, against
against

[their own] rulership
μεδω / μεδοις medō / medois: lord, ruler
Μηδους Mēdous
Μηδος Mēdos: Mede, Median
the Medes

[they] campaigned
στρατεια strateia: expedition, campaign, warfare
στρατειας strateias
στρατεια strateia: expedition, campaign, warfare
the campaign

in jest [?].
πυλαικος pylaikos: jesting, silly
επολιορκει epoliorkei
πολιορκεω poliorkeō: besiege, pester, block, blockade
[he] besieged.

De Bello Judaico 1.50.b

False leaders are planted into the opposition to divide.

In today’s world, controlled opposition is everywhere. This text proves that it’s a very ancient trick.

The literal text tells of how Kendebaios “Cendebeus” is sent to dēōsonta “lay waste” tp Ioudaian “Judea”.

The encrypted text seems to say it’s gnōtē baios “lesser kinsmen” of the aristocrats, who are sent to daēsontai “find out” about the people who’re to aitian “blame” for the opposition.

The “Judea” pun doesn’t work too well in most grammar forms, and it seems to be the only instance where “Judea” isn’t meant to encrypt the nobility. However, it’s in tune with the spook-concocted stereotype that “ze Jews” are always to “blame” for the aristocracy’s crimes.

De Bello Judaico 1.51.a

Encrypted: But / at any rate not could make clear they the subjects the rulers’ emulation, so other henchmen they even helped in removing. After not long indeed as a defense were sent lesser kinsmen as their the nobility’s leaders with the intended / purpose to learn of the guilty & culpable they sent them, and also to make known the opposition’s signaling.

Official: But not could put to shame he Simon the king Antiochus of his greed / arrogance, though Tryphon he even helped in removing. After not long indeed Antiochus sent Cendebeus his general with a force to lay waste to Judea he sent him, and also to enslave Simon.

But / at any rate
αλλα alla: but, at any rate
αλλ all
αλλα alla: but, at any rate
But

not
ου / ουκ ou / ouk: not
ουκ ouk
ου / ουκ ou / ouk: not
not

[could] make clear
διασαπἑω diasapheō: make clear, show plainly
εξεδυσωπησεν exedysōpēsen
εκ- / εξ- ek- / ex-: out; δυσωπεω dysōpeō: put to shame, troubled, shy, timid
[could] put to shame

they [the subjects]
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
he [Simon?]

the
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
the

rulers’
βασιλευς basileus: king, ruler, lord, noble
βασιλεως basileōs
βασιλευς basileus: king, ruler, lord, noble
king [Antiochus?]

emulation,
πἱλονεικια philoneikia: rivalry, emulation
πλεονεξιαν pleonexian
πλεονεξια pleonexia: greediness, arrogance
[of his] greed / arrogance,

[so other] henchmen [?]
τἑραπων therapōn: attendant, henchman, squire, servant, slave
Τρυφωνα Tryphōna
Τρυπὡν Tryphōn: Tryphon
[though] Tryphon

[they even] helped in removing.
συνεξαιρεω synexaireō: take out together, help in removing
συνεξελων synexelōn
συνεξαιρεω synexaireō: take out together, help in removing
[he even] helped in removing.

After
μετα meta: after
μετ met
μετα meta: after
After

not
ου ou: not
ου ou
ου ou: not
not

long
πολυς polys: much, many
πολυ poly
πολυς polys: much, many
long

indeed
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
γαρ gar
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
indeed

[as] a defense
αντεcὡ / αντεcοἱς antechō / antechois: resist, withstand, endure, hold against, defend
Αντιοχος Antiochos
Αντιοcὁς Antiochos: Antiochus
Antiochus

[were sent] lesser kinsmen [?]
γενναιοτης gennaiotēs: nobility; γνωτος / γνωτη gnōtos / gnōtē: kinsman; βαιος baios: little, small, low, humble
Κενδεβαιον Kendebaion
Κενδεβαιος Kendebaios: Cendebeus
[sent] Cendebeus

 
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
 

[as] their [the nobility’s]
αυτως autōs: likewise, in vain
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
his

leaders
στρατηγος stratēgos: leader, governor
στρατηγον stratēgon
στρατηγος stratēgos: general
general

with
μετα meta: with, by aid of
μετα meta
μετα meta: with, by aid of
with

the intended / purpose
διανοεομαι dianoeomai: intend, purpose
δυναμεως dynameōs
δυναμις dynamis: power, force, forces
a force

to learn of
δαω / δαειω / δαησονται daō / daeiō / daēsontai: learn, know, search out; δαιω / δαιωνται / δαιοιστὁν daiō / daiōntai / daioisthon: divide
δηωσοντα dēōsonta
δηιοω / δηωσοντα dēioō / dēōsonta: slay, cleave, lay waste to
to lay waste to

 
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
 

the guilty & culpable
αιτιος / αιτιοιν / αιτιαν aitios / aitioin / aitian: accused, guilty, culpable, responsible, blameworthy
Ιουδαιαν Ioudaian
Ιουδαια / Ιουδαιαν Ioudaia / Ioudaian: Judea
Judea

[they] sent [them],
πεμπω / πεμψαι / επεμψεν pempō / pempsai / epempsen: send, dispatch
επεμψεν epempsen
πεμπω / πεμψαι / επεμψεν pempō / pempsai / epempsen: send, dispatch
[he] sent [him],

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

[to make] known
καταδηλος katadēlos: manifest, plain, visible, known, discovered
καταδουλωσομενον katadoulōsomenon
καταδουλοω katadouloō: enslave
to enslave

[the opposition’s?] signaling.
σημειον sēmeion: sign, mark, signal; σημαινω sēmainō: show, indicate, give signs, make signal
Σιμωνα Simōna
Σιμων Simōn: Simon
Simon.

De Bello Judaico 1.51.a

False opposition leaders feign insolence, divide the opposition.

Opposition movements are controlled by sending moles from the upper class to lead them.

The literal text says that Simon is gēraleos “old”, yet “leads” the polemou “war” like a neanikos “young person”.

The encrypted text says that these moles are geraros “majesties”, yet they “lead” the polemiou “opposition” like neanikos “insolent” rebels.

For modern examples, see Miles’ articles about Marx, Engels, Castro, Guevara. These “communist” leaders all came officially from ultra-rich family networks.

De Bello Judaico 1.52.a

Encrypted: So they also, indeed though in fact privileged / majesties they were, headstrong they were leaders of the hostile / opposition. They however in fact this kind of person of them, among the powerful they were beforehand nominated, They themselves then that division of the opposition forces caught, that had remained in another yet uncontrolled division of the population.

Official: Yet he Simon however, indeed though in fact old he was now, like a youthful man he was leader of the war. He indeed in fact the sons of his, with the strong / formidable troops beforehand sent out. He himself then that part of the forces took, that remained into another part of the region.

[So] they
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
[Yet] he [Simon]

also,
δε de: but, and
δε de
δε de: but, and
however,

indeed
καιτοι kaitoi: and indeed
καιτοι kaitoi
καιτοι kaitoi: and indeed
indeed

[though] in fact
γε ge: at least, in fact
γε ge
γε ge: at least, in fact
[though] in fact

privileged / majesties
γεραιρω gerairō: honour, reward, celebrate; γερας geras: privilege, prerogative; γεραρος geraros: majestic
γηραλεος gēraleos
γηραλεος gēraleos: aged; γεραιος geraios: old
old

[they] were,
ειμι / ων eimi / ōn: be
ων ōn
ειμι / ων eimi / ōn: be
[he] was [now],

headstrong
νεανικος neanikos: headstrong, insolent, violently
νεανικωτερον neanikōteron
νεανικος neanikos: youthful
[like a] youthful [man]

[they] were leaders of
απἡγεομαι aphēgeomai: tell, explain; απἡγημα aphēgēma: tale, narrative
αφηγησατο aphēgēsato
απἡγεομαι aphēgeomai: lead the way, be leader; απἡγημα aphēgēma: guiding, leading
[he] was leader of

the
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
the

hostile / opposition.
πολεμιος / πολεμιου polemios / polemiou: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
πολεμου polemou
πολεμεω / πολεμου polemeō / polemou: make war, fight
war.

They
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
He

however
μεντοι mentoi: indeed, however
μεντοι mentoi
μεντοι mentoi: indeed, however
indeed

in fact
γε ge: at least, in fact
γε ge
γε ge: at least, in fact
in fact

[this] kind of person
οἱος hoios: manner, kind, nature, sort of person
υἱεις huieis
υἱος huios: son
the sons

[of] them,
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
[of] his,

among
μετα meta: among, between, with
μετα meta
μετα meta: among, between, with
with

the
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
the

powerful
ερρωμενος errōmenos: powerful, influential
ερρωμενεστατων errōmenestatōn
ερρωμενος errōmenos: formidable, strong
strong / formidable [troops]

[they were] beforehand nominated,
προ- pro-: before; εκ- / εξ- ek- / ex-: out; πεμπω pempō: nominate
προεκπεμπει proekpempei
προ- pro-: before; εκ- / εξ- ek- / ex-: out; πεμπω pempō: send, dispatch
beforehand sent out.

[They] themselves
αυτος autos: self
αυτος autos
αυτος autos: self
[He] himself

then
δε de: but, and, then
δε de
δε de: but, and, then
then

[that] division
μοιρα moira: division, party
μοιραν moiran
μοιρα moira: part, portion
[that] part

[of] the
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
[of] the

[opposition] forces
δυναμις dynamis: power, might, force, forces
δυναμεως dynameōs
δυναμις dynamis: power, might, force, forces
forces

caught,
ανα- ana-: up, back; λαμβανω / λαβων lambanō / labōn: find out, detect, catch
αναλαβων analabōn
ανα- ana-: up, back; λαμβανω / λαβων lambanō / labōn: get, take, receive, possess
took,

[that had] remained
επειμι epeimi: be imminent, remain
επηει epēei
επειμι epeimi: be imminent, remain
[that] remained

in
κατα kata: in, into
κατ kat
κατα kata: in, into
into

another [yet uncontrolled]
αλλος / αλλα allos / alla: other, another, different
αλλο allo
αλλος / αλλα allos / alla: other, another, different
another

division [of the population].
μερος meros: division, faction
μερος meros
μερος meros: part, portion
part [of the region?].

De Bello Judaico 1.52.a

Watchers are planted among the people.

De Bello Judaico 1.53.a

Encrypted: In the multitudes also in many places even watchers spies denounced them and every time prevailed in their planning & plotting.

Official: On many also in many places even in the mountains he layed ambushes and every time prevailed in his planning & plotting.

[In the] multitudes
πολυς polys: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολλους pollous
πολυς polys: much, many
[On] many

also
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
also

in many places
πολλαcοὑ pollachou: in many places
πολλαχου pollachou
πολλαcοὑ pollachou: in many places
in many places

even
καν kan: and if, even if, although
καν kan
καν kan: and if, even if, although
even

 
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, he
τοις tois
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, he
[in] the

watchers [spies]
ουρος ouros: watcher, guardian; ουρευς oureus: guard, warder
ορεσι oresi
ορος oros: mountain, hill
mountains

denounced [them]
προλεγω / προλεξοις / προλεχτἡς prolegō / prolexois / prolechthēs: choose before, foretell, warn, announce, denounce
προλοχισας prolochisas
προλοcἱζω / προλοcἱσας prolochizō / prolochisas: lay an ambuscade beforehand
[he] layed ambushes

[and] every [time]
πας pas: all, every
πασαις pasais
πας pas: all, every
[and] every [time]

prevailed
κρατεω krateō: rule, command
κρατει kratei
κρατεω krateō: conquer, prevail
prevailed

[in their]
ὁ / ταις ho / tais: the, he
ταις tais
ὁ / ταις ho / tais: the, he
[in his]

planning & plotting.
επιβουλευω epibouleuō: plan against, plot against
επιβολαις epibolais
επιβουλευω epibouleuō: plan against, plot against
planning & plotting.

De Bello Judaico 1.53.a

False leaders are appointed as ruling heroes.

They describe here how false opposition leaders are promoted for their magnificent deception.

De Bello Judaico 1.53.b

Encrypted: And since they had prevailed so magnificently, as ruling heroes they were appointed, also for their warrior like pretense & hypocrisy among the slaves and for the deceiving of the citizens, which the nobles & majesties got rid of.

Official: And since he had conquered / prevailed so magnificently, as arch-priest he was appointed, and also from the Macedonian rulership after hundred and seventy years the Judeans / Jews he freed / delivered from.

And [since they]
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
And [since he]

had prevailed
νικαω nikaō: conquer, prevail
νικησας nikēsas
νικαω nikaō: conquer, prevail
had conquered / prevailed

[so] magnificently,
λαμπρος lampros: bright, radiant, magnificent
λαμπρως lamprōs
λαμπρος lampros: bright, radiant, magnificent
[so] magnificently,

[as] ruling heroes
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler; ἡρως hērōs: warrior, hero
αρχιερευς archiereus
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler; ἱερευς / ἱερεων hiereus / hiereōn: priest
[as] arch-priest

[they were] appointed,
αποδεικνυμι apodeiknymi: demonstrate, show, display
αποδεικνυται apodeiknytai
αποδεικνυμι apodeiknymi: appoint, assign
[he was] appointed,

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

[for] their
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
[from] the

warrior [like]
μαcἡτης / μαcἡτην machētēs / machētēn: fighter, warrior
Μακεδονων Makedonōn
Μακεδων Makedōn: Macedonian
Macedonian

pretense & hypocrisy
ὑποκρινομαι / ὑποκριτἡση hypokrinomai / hypokrithēsē: pretend, feign; ὑποκριτης hypokritēs: hypocrite, player, actor, pretender, dissembler
επικρατειας epikrateias
επικρατεια / επικρατειας epikrateia / epikrateias: mastery, possession
rulership

among
μετα meta: among, between, with
μετα meta
μετα meta: after, behind
after

the slaves
οικετης / οικετην oiketēs / oiketēn: servant, slave
ἑκατον hekaton
ἑκατον hekaton: hundred
hundred

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

[for] the deceiving
απαταω apataō: cheat, trick, outwit, beguile, deceive; μηcἁναω / μηcἁναται mēchanaō / mēchanatai: conspire, contrive, perpetrate
ἑβδομηκοντα hebdomēkonta
ἑβδομηκοντα hebdomēkonta: seventy
seventy

of the citizens,
ετης / ετη etēs / etē: clansman, private person, citizen
ετη etē
ετος / ετη etos / etē: year
years

[which the] nobles & majesties
αιδοιος / αιδοιων aidoios / aidoiōn: august, venerable, noble; αιδως / αιδωοιν aidōs / aidōoin: nobility, dignity, majesty
Ιουδαιους Ioudaious
Ιουδαιος / Ιουδαιων Ioudaios / Ioudaiōn: Judean, Jew
the Judeans / Jews

got rid of.
απαλλασσω / απαλλαττω apallassō / apallattō: set free, deliver from, get rid of
απαλλαττει apallattei
απαλλασσω / απαλλαττω apallassō / apallattō: set free, deliver from, get rid of
he freed / delivered from.

De Bello Judaico 1.53.b

The nobles playing opposition destroy the real opposition.

Here a “Ptolemy” suddenly appears on the stage. Josephus’ text doesn’t make it very clear, but it’s apparently not the ruler Ptolemy VI, but according to 1 Maccabees 16 a Ptolemy “son of Abubus”. He is Simon’s son-in-law. Yet he still kills Simon, just like that, and later tortures & kills his family. This is a very weird major twist in the plotline. Why is it not properly introduced or explained? Perhaps because it isn’t true? And because the whole text is just an encryption for something else?

De Bello Judaico 1.54.a

Encrypted: So perished then also it the opposition, through this plot in playing secretly hostile / opposition with relatives, who themselves also nobility were, and by these means the slaves & servants were prevented and for the completion of the enveloping which also enclosing / fencing-in / prison was called to have it accepted they were sent.

Official: But died then also he Simon, through a plot in a symposium with Ptolemy son of Abubus his son-in-law, who him Simon also his wife and also his two sons shut in and against the third son Ioannes who also Hyrcanus was called to destroy him he sent someone.

[So] perished
θνησκω thnēskō: die, be killed, perish
Θνησκει thnēskei
θνησκω thnēskō: die, be killed, perish
[But] died

then
δε de: and, but, then
δε de
δε de: and, but, then
then

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
also

it [the opposition],
αυτος autos: self
αυτος autos
αυτος autos: self
he [Simon?],

[through this] plot
επιβουλευω epibouleuō: plan to do, plan against, plot against
επιβουλευθεις epibouleutheis
επιβουλευω epibouleuō: plan to do, plan against, plot against
[through a] plot

in
εν en: in, on, at, for, after
εν en
εν en: in, on, at, for, after
in

playing
συμπαιζω / συμπαιζον sympaizō / sympaizon: play, sport with
συμποσιω symposiō
συμποσιον / συμποσιω symposion / symposiō: symposium, drinking party
a symposium

secretly
ὑπο hypo: under, underhand, secretly, covering
ὑπο hypo
ὑπο hypo: with, through, by
with

hostile / opposition
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
Πτολεμαιου Ptolemaiou
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios: Ptolemy
Ptolemy [son of Abubus?]

[with]
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
his

relatives,
γαμβρος gambros: son-in-law, connection by marriage
γαμβρου gambrou
γαμβρος gambros: son-in-law, connection by marriage
son-in-law,

who
ὁς hos: who, which
ὁς hos
ὁς hos: who, which
who

themselves
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
him [Simon?]

 
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
 

also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
also

nobility [were],
γεννικος / γεννικη gennikos / gennikē: noble; γενναιος / γενναιε gennaios / gennaie: nobility, high-born, noble by birth
γυναικα gynaika
γυνη / γυναικα gynē / gynaika: woman
[his] wife

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

 
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
[his]

by these means
δια dia: through, by means of
δυο duo
δυο duo: two
two

the slaves & servants
παις / παιδας pais / paidas: slave, servant
παιδας paidas
παις / παιδας pais / paidas: son
sons

[were] prevented
εν- / εγ- en- / eg-: in; κατειργω kateirgō: shut in, besiege, hinder, prevent
εγκαθειρξας enkatheirxas
εν- / εγ- en- / eg-: in; κατειργω kateirgō: shut in, besiege, hinder, prevent
shut in

[and?] for
επι epi: for, for purpose
επι epi
επι epi: on, upon, against
[and?] against

the
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
the

completion [?]
τελευτη / τελευτων teleutē / teleutōn: finishing, completion, accomplishment
τριτον triton
τριτος / τριτον tritos / triton: third
third [son?]

[of the] enveloping
ἑανος / ἑανης heanos / heanēs: fine, fine robe, enveloping
Ιωαννην Iōannēn
Ιωαννης Iōannēs: Ioannes, John
Ioannes

which
ὁς hos: who, which
ὁς hos
ὁς hos: who, which
who

also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
also

enclosing / fencing-in / prison
ἑρκανη herkanē: enclosure, fence; ὁρκανη / ὁρκανας horkanē / horkanas: enclosure, fence, prison, net, trap
Ὑρκανος Hyrkanos
ὑρκανος Hyrkanos: Hyrcanus
Hyrcanus

was called
καλεω / κελειται kaleō / keleitai: call, summon
εκαλειτο ekaleito
καλεω / κελειται kaleō / keleitai: call, summon
was called

 
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
 

[to have it] accepted
αναιρεω / αναιρει anaireō / anairei: achieve, win, accept, adopt, take up for oneself
αναιρησοντας anairēsontas
αναιρεω / αναιρει anaireō / anairei: take up, raise, make away with, destroy, kill
to destroy [him]

[they were] sent.
πεμπω / πεμψαι / επεμψεν pempō / pempsai / epempsen: send, dispatch
επεμψεν epempsen
πεμπω / πεμψαι / επεμψεν pempō / pempsai / epempsen: send, dispatch
[he] sent [someone?].

De Bello Judaico 1.54.a

People are turned against any new opposition.

The rulers can always rely on many subjects to turn on any opposition by themselves, with only a little bit of extra propaganda & nudging.

De Bello Judaico 1.55.a

Encrypted: When they learned beforehand also of an attack that was new, they came into the multitudes to influence them / set them on like dogs, with much in the common people a confidence, concerning both the fury & madness of their excitement to accuse one another, and also their hatred of any opposition’s unlawful / disorder.

Official: When learned beforehand however of this approach / attack the young man Ioannes Hyrcanus, he came into the city Jerusalem hurriedly, with much in the common people a confidence, concerning both their memory of his father’s successes, and also their hatred of Ptolemy’s transgression of the laws.

[When they] learned beforehand
προγιγνωσκω progignōskō: know beforehand, learn beforehand
προγνους prognous
προγιγνωσκω progignōskō: know beforehand, learn beforehand
[When] learned beforehand

also
δε de: and, but, then
δε de
δε de: and, but, then
however

[of] an
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
[of] this

attack
επὁδος ephodos: approach, attack
εφοδον ephodon
επὁδος ephodos: approach, attack
approach / attack

[that was]
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
the

new,
νεανιης neaniēs: young, fresh, new
νεανισκος neaniskos
νεανισκος neaniskos: youth, young man
young man [Ioannes Hyrcanus],

[they] came
παραγιγνομαι paragignomai: come to, be near, attend, be present at
παραγενεσθαι paragenesthai
παραγιγνομαι paragignomai: come to, be near, attend, be present at
[he] came

into
εις eis: into
εις eis
εις eis: into
into

the
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
the

multitudes
πολυς / πολυν polys / polyn: many, multitude, people, commonalty
πολιν polin
πολις / πολιν polis / polin: city
city [Jerusalem?]

to influence them / set them on [like dogs],
επαγω epagō: influence, win over, lead against, urge on, set on like dogs
ηπειγετο ēpeigeto
επειγω epeigō: hurry, urge, press down, press upon, drive on
hurriedly,

[with] much
πλειστος pleistos: greatest
πλειστον pleiston
πλειστος pleistos: greatest
[with] much

[in] the
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
τω
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
[in] the

common people
λαος / λαω laos / laō: subjects, common people
λαω laō
λαος / λαω laos / laō: subjects, common people
common people

a confidence,
πεποιτἡσις pepoithēsis: trust, confidence, boldness
πεποιθως pepoithōs
πεποιτἡσις pepoithēsis: trust, confidence, boldness
a confidence,

concerning
κατα kata: against, into, upon, concerning
κατα kata
κατα kata: against, into, upon, concerning
concerning

both
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
both

the fury & madness
μαινομαι / μανειμεν mainomai / maneimen: rage, furious, madness, riot, madden, enrage
μνημην mnēmēn
μνημη / μνημην mnēmē / mnēmēn: remembrance, memory, record
[their] memory

[of] their
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
[of] his

excitement
πτεροω / πτερων pteroō / pterōn: excite, excited
πατρωων patrōōn
πατριος / πατρωων patrios / patrōōn: of one’s father
father’s

to accuse one another,
καταιτιαομαι / καταιτιαομεταἱ kataitiaomai / kataitiaomethai: reproach, accuse, accuse one another
κατορθωματων katorthōmatōn
κατορτὡμα / κατορτὡματων katorthōma / katorthōmatōn: success
successes,

and also
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and also

[their] hatred
μισος misos: hate, hatred
μισος misos
μισος misos: hate, hatred
[their] hatred

[of]
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
της tēs
ὁ / της ho / tēs: the, he
[of]

[any] opposition’s
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
Πτολεμαιου Ptolemaiou
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios: Ptolemy
Ptolemy’s

unlawful / disorder.
παρανομια paranomia: transgression of decency, disorderly habits
παρανομιας paranomias
παρανομια paranomia: transgression of law
transgression of the laws.

De Bello Judaico 1.55.a

When new opposition arises, the people repulse it themselves.

This text explains what happened during the Covid hoax: For many people, direct oppression isn’t needed, because they have already internalized the prison in their minds. They happily prance around as enforcers, and actively shout down any criticism of the government all by themselves.

De Bello Judaico 1.55.b

Encrypted: Though was stirred up then sometimes still some actual opposition to enter the stage through some other group of people, but it was repulsed in fact of course by the common people themselves quickly, who had accepted by this time / already their enclosing / fencing-in / prison.

Official: Though rushed then still Ptolemy to enter through another gate, but he was repulsed in fact of course by the common people themselves quickly, who had accepted by this time / already Ioannis Hyrcanus.

[Though was] stirred up
ὁρμαω / ὡρμησε hormaō / hōrmēse: urge on, stir up, incite, start
ὡρμησε hōrmēse
ὁρμαω / ὡρμησε hormaō / hōrmēse: urge on, rush, attack
[Though] rushed

then [sometimes]
δε de: and, but, then
δε de
δε de: and, but, then
then

still
και kai: and, still, yet
και kai
και kai: and, still, yet
still

[some actual] opposition
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios: Ptolemy
Ptolemy

to enter the stage
εισερcὁμαι eiserchomai: enter, enter the ranks, enter the stage
εισελθειν eiselthein
εισερcὁμαι eiserchomai: go in, enter
to enter

through
κατα kata: against, into, upon
καθ kath
κατα kata: against, into, upon
through

some other
ἑτερος heteros: other, another, some
ἑτεραν heteran
ἑτερος heteros: other, another, some
another

[group of] people,
π ὑλον phylon: clan, race, tribe, nation; πολυς / πολυν polys / polyn: people
πυλην pylēn
πυλων pylōn: gateway
gate,

[but it was] repulsed
εκκρουω ekkrouō: drive back, repulse, frustrate, put off, get rid of
εξεκρουσθη exekrousthē
εκκρουω ekkrouō: drive back, repulse, frustrate, put off, get rid of
[but he was] repulsed

in fact
γε ge: at least, in fact
γε ge
γε ge: at least, in fact
in fact

of course
μην mēn: surely, absolutely, of course
μην mēn
μην mēn: surely, absolutely, of course
of course

by
ὑπο hypo: beneath, with, through, by
ὑπο hypo
ὑπο hypo: beneath, with, through, by
by

the
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
the

common people [themselves]
δημος dēmos: commoner, commonalty, commons
δημου dēmou
δημος dēmos: commoner, commonalty, commons
common people [themselves]

quickly,
ταcἑως tacheōs: quickly
ταχεως tacheōs
ταcἑως tacheōs: quickly
quickly,

[who had] accepted
δεcὁμαι dechomai: take, accept, receive
δεδεγμενων dedegmenōn
δεcὁμαι dechomai: take, accept, receive
[who had] accepted

by this time / already
ηδη ēdē: by this time, already
ηδη ēdē
ηδη ēdē: by this time, already
by this time / already

[their]
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
 

enclosing / fencing-in / prison.
ἑρκανη herkanē: enclosure, fence; ὁρκανη / ὁρκανας horkanē / horkanas: enclosure, fence, prison, net, trap
Ὑρκανον Hyrkanon
ὑρκανος Hyrkanos: Hyrcanus
[Ioannis] Hyrcanus.

De Bello Judaico 1.55.b

Fake opposition leaders become governors, and attack the opposition.

De Bello Judaico 1.56.a

Encrypted: Then they however immediately withdrew to some actual / real rulership as a defence, which “government” was called.

Official: Then he however immediately went back to some above Jericho a fortress which Dagon was called.

Then
και kai: and, also, then
και kai
και kai: and, also, then
Then

they
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
he

however
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
however

immediately
παραχρημα parachrēma: immediately
παραχρημα parachrēma
παραχρημα parachrēma: immediately
immediately

withdrew
αναcὡρεω anachōreō: go back, retire, withdraw
ανεχωρησεν anechōrēsen
αναcὡρεω anachōreō: go back, retire, withdraw
went back

[to]
εἱς heis: one
εις heis
εἱς heis: one
[to]

some
τις / τι tis / ti: someone
τι ti
τις / τι tis / ti: someone
some

 
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
των tōn
ὁ / των ho / tōn: the, he
 

actual / real
ὑπαρ hypar: reality, actually
ὑπερ hyper
ὑπερ hyper: over, above
above

rulership
αρcὡν / αρcὁντος archōn / archontos: ruler, commander, chief; αρcὡ / ηρcὁντων archō / ērchontōn: rule
Ἱεριχουντος Ierichountos
Ιεριcὡ / Ιεριcοὑντος Ierichō / Ierichountos: Jericho
Jericho

[as a] defence,
ερυμα eryma: fort, defence, guard, protection
ερυματων erymatōn
ερυμα eryma: fort, defence, guard, protection
a fortress

which
ὁς / ὁ hos / ho: who, which
ὁ ho
ὁς / ὁ hos / ho: who, which
which

“government”
διοικεω / διοικων dioikeō / dioikōn: manage, control, govern
Δαγων Dagōn
Δαγων Dagōn: Dagon
Dagon

was called.
καλεω / κελειται kaleō / keleitai: call, summon
καλειται kaleitai
καλεω / κελειται kaleō / keleitai: call, summon
was called.

De Bello Judaico 1.56.a

De Bello Judaico 1.56.b

Encrypted: And when they acquired then from their fathers this rulership of the enclosing / fencing-in / prison, and their arranged / place in public view, after that swiftly against the opposition they attacked.

Official: And when acquired then from his father the high-priesthood Hyrcanus, and had offering the sacrifice to God, after that swiftly against Ptolemy he attacked,

[And when they] acquired
κομιζω komizō: take care, provide
κομισαμενος komisamenos
κομιζω komizō: get for oneself, acquire, gain
[And when] acquired

then
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
then

 
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
 

from their fathers
πατρωιος patrōios: from one’s father
πατρωαν patrōan
πατρωιος patrōios: from one’s father
from his father

[this] rulership
αρcὁς / αρcἑ archos / arche: ruler; ἱερος hieros: mighty, august, admirable, powerful
αρχιερωσυνην archierōsynēn
αρcἱερευς archiereus: arch-priest, high-priest
the high-priesthood

[of the] enclosing / fencing-in / prison,
ἑρκανη herkanē: enclosure, fence; ὁρκανη / ὁρκανας horkanē / horkanas: enclosure, fence, prison, net, trap
Ὑρκανος Hyrkanos
ὑρκανος Hyrkanos: Hyrcanus
Hyrcanus,

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

[their] arranged / place
τἑσις thesis: position, situation, placement, arrangement
θυσας thysas
τ ὑω / τ ὑσας thyō / thysas: offer in sacrifice
had offering the sacrifice

[in]
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
τω
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
[to]

[public] view,
τἑαομαι / τἑω theaomai / theō: behold, see, look; τἑα / τἑας thea / theas: view, sight
θεω theō
τἑος / τἑω theos / theō: god
God,

after [that]
μετα meta: after
μετα meta
μετα meta: after
after [that]

swiftly
ταcὁς tachos: speed, swiftness
ταχους tachous
ταcὁς tachos: speed, swiftness
swiftly

against
επι epi: on, upon, against
επι epi
επι epi: on, upon, against
against

the opposition
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
Πτολεμαιον Ptolemaion
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios: Ptolemy
Ptolemy

[they] attacked.
ὁρμαω / ὡρμησε hormaō / hōrmēse: urge on, stir up, incite, start
ὡρμησεν hōrmēsen
ὁρμαω / ὡρμησε hormaō / hōrmēse: urge on, rush, attack
[he] attacked,

De Bello Judaico 1.56.b

De Bello Judaico 1.56.c

Encrypted: But to assist their girding / dress cover and their enacted image, they then used as an excuse those shows & displays where they indeed different rulers were, and were established then by genuine / lawful passions.

Official: to assist his mother and his brothers. So he then struck those garrisons where he indeed in other regions stronger was, but was defeated then by his dutiful emotions to his family.

[But to] assist
βοητἑω boētheō: aid, assist
βοηθησων boēthēsōn
βοητἑω boētheō: aid, assist
to assist

their
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
τη
ὁ / τη ho / tē: the, he
his

girding / dress [cover]
μιτρα mitra: belt, girdle, bandage, head-dress, turban
μητρι mētri
μητηρ mētēr: mother
mother

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

their
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, he
τοις tois
ὁ / τοις ho / tois: the, he
his

enacted image,
ειδωλοποιεω / ειδωλοποιης eidōlopoieō / eidōlopoiēs: form an image, personify; ειδωλον eidōlon: image; ποιεω poieō: create, act, pretend
αδελφοις adelphois
αδελπὁς adelphos: brother, near kinsman, akin, double, cognate, just like
brothers.

[they] then
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
[So he] then

used as an excuse
προβαλλω proballō: put forward, cover in front, shield, use as an excuse
προσβαλων prosbalōn
προσβαλλω prosballō: strike, attack
struck

those
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
τω
ὁ / τω ho / tō: the, he
those

shows & displays
παρεcὡ / παρεcοἱς parechō / parechois: present, show, display, exhibit
φρουριω phrouriō
φρουρα / φρουρων phroura / phrourōn: guard, garrison
garrisons

[where] they
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
τα ta
ὁ / τα ho / ta: the, he
[where] he

indeed
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
indeed

different
αλλος / αλλα allos / alla: other, another, different
αλλα alla
αλλος / αλλα allos / alla: other, another, different
in other [regions?]

rulers
κρατεω krateō: rule, control, command
κρειττων kreittōn
κρεισσων / κρειττων kreissōn / kreittōn: stronger, superior
stronger

were,
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be
ην ēn
ειμι / ην eimi / ēn: be
was,

[and] were established
ἑστιοομαι hestioomai: founded, established
ἡττατο hēttato
ἡσσαομαι / ἡττατο hēssaomai / hēttato: be less, weaker, defeated
[but] was defeated

then
δε de: and, but
δε de
δε de: and, but
then

[by] genuine / lawful
δικαιος dikaios: rightly, real, genuine, true
δικαιου dikaiou
δικαιος dikaios: lawful, well-ordered, observant of duty
[by his] dutiful

passions.
πατὁς pathos: incident, state, condition
παθους pathous
πατὁς pathos: passion, emotion
emotions [to his family].

De Bello Judaico 1.56.c

After rebellions are worn out, they are re-enacted to discredit them.

De Bello Judaico 1.57.a

Encrypted: For indeed the actual opposition when it was worn out, it then also as a girding / dress and a mere created image it the opposition was brought forward, exchanged for a fabricated / performance into easy sight and made shameful & strange, and it was pretended that if not things were put in order, then an insurrection would be threatened.

Official: For indeed Ptolemy when he was distressed, he then also Hyrcanus’ mother and his brothers he Ptolemy brought forward, up on the city walls into easy sight of the enemy, and mistreated them, and to throw them down if not Hyrcanus would be idle and send away his army he threatened.

[For]
ὁ ho: the, he
ὁ ho
ὁ ho: the, he
[For]

indeed
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
γαρ gar
γαρ gar: for, indeed, yet
indeed

[the actual] opposition
πολεμιος polemios: adverse, enemy, hostile, opposed
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios
Πτολεμαιος Ptolemaios: Ptolemy
Ptolemy

when
ὁποτε hopote: when
ὁποτε hopote
ὁποτε hopote: when
when

[it] was worn out,
καταπονεω kataponeō: subdued, exhausted, worn out
καταπονοιτο kataponoito
καταπονεω kataponeō: subdued, exhausted, worn out
[he] was distressed,

it
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
την tēn
ὁ / την ho / tēn: the, he
he

then also
τε te: and, also
τε te
τε te: and, also
then also

[as a] girding / dress
μιτρα mitra: belt, girdle, bandage, head-dress, turban
μητερα mētera
μητηρ mētēr: mother
[Hyrcanus’] mother

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

a
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
τους tous
ὁ / τους ho / tous: the, he
his

[mere] created image
ειδωλοποιεω / ειδωλοποιης eidōlopoieō / eidōlopoiēs: form an image, personify; ειδωλον eidōlon: image; ποιεω poieō: create, act, pretend
αδελφους adelphous
αδελπὁς adelphos: brother, near kinsman, akin, double, cognate, just like
brothers

it [the opposition]
αυτος autos: self
αυτου autou
αυτος autos: self
he [Ptolemy]

was brought forward,
προαγω proagō: bring forward in public, promote, pronounce
προαγων proagōn
προαγω proagō: bring forward in public, promote, pronounce
brought forward,

exchanged for
επι epi: for, in exchange for
επι epi
επι epi: on, upon, against
up on

a
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
του tou
ὁ / του ho / tou: the, he
the

fabricated / performance
τευcὡ / τευcοἱς teuchō / teuchois: fabricate, perform, prepare
τειχους teichous
τειcὁς teichos: wall, city wall
city walls

into
εις eis: into
εις eis
εις eis: into
into

easy sight
ευσυνοπτος eusynoptos: seen at once, within easy sight
ευσυνοπτον eusynopton
ευσυνοπτος eusynoptos: seen at once, within easy sight
easy sight [of the enemy],

[and made] shameful & strange,
αεικης / αεικεστατος aeikēs / aeikestatos: shameful, unseemly, shabby, strange
ηκιζετο ēkizeto
αικιζω / ηκιζετο aikizō / ēkizeto: maltreat; αεικιζω aeikizō: dishonor, abuse
[and] mistreated [them],

and
και kai: and, also
και kai
και kai: and, also
and

[it was] pretended [that]
καταχραομαι / καταχραομενον katachraomai / katachraomenon: misuse, pretend, allege
κατακρημνιειν katakrēmniein
κατακρημνιζω / κατακρημνιειν katakrēmnizō / katakrēmniein: throw down a precipice
to throw them down

if
ει ei: if
ει ei
ει ei: if
if

not
μη : not
μη
μη : not
not

[things] were put in order,
τασσω / ταττω tassō / tattō: settle, put in order, impose laws
θαττον thatton
τἁσσω / τἁττω thassō / thattō: sit idle
[Hyrcanus would] be idle

[then] an insurrection
επανιστημι epanistēmi: rise up against, rise in insurrection
απανασταιη apanastaiē
απανιστημι apanistēmi: send away
[and] send away [his army]

[would be] threatened.
διαπειλεω diapeileō: threaten violently
διηπειλει diēpeilei
διαπειλεω diapeileō: threaten violently
[he] threatened.

De Bello Judaico 1.57.a

With fake opposition, rulers have subjects fight each other, while staying hidden.

De Bello Judaico 1.58.a

Encrypted: Against that sight of course the enraged people were excited with full distress and entered a state also of fear. But this girding / dress not at all just to this unseemly / strangeness and also not just to the confounding / fraud of this cleverness was it put on,

Official: Against that sight of course Hyrcanus was softened with full compassion and entered a state also of fear. But his mother not at all against the torture and also not against the threat of her death made her give up,

Against
προς pros: against, at, to
προς pros
προς pros: against, at, to
Against

that [sight]
ὁς / ἁ hos / ha: who, which, that
ἁ ha
ὁς / ἁ hos / ha: who, which, that
that [sight]

 
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
τον ton
ὁ / τον ho / ton: the, he
 

of course
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
μεν men
μεν men: indeed, of course, however
of course

the enraged [people?]
οργαινω orgainō: make angry, enrage
Ὑρκανον Hyrkanon